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CAT | Architecture

Jul/12

16

Walking the streets of ancient Lviv

Lviv architecture reflects a lot of European styles corresponding to different historical epochs. Fortunately the city was not heavily damaged during the wars of the 20th century.

After fires of 1527 and 1556 there were almost no traces of Gothic Lviv, but the following epochs are well presented: Renaissance, baroque, classicism. The historical center of Lviv has a lot of architectural monuments of the 14th-17th centuries.

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This church can be seen by anyone who is traveling by Yalta highway from Sevastopol to Yalta, or vice versa. Church of the Ascension is standing on the red rock at an altitude of 472 meters above sea level high above small town of Foros, which is why it is also called the Foros church.

Church of the Ascension built in the Byzantine style was constructed in 1892. In the 1930s, crosses and bells were removed from the church. It was restored and re-consecrated in 1990. Photos by Sergey Anashkevitch

Ascension church, Foros, Crimea, Ukraine view 1

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Andrew’s Descent in Kiev is one of the oldest ways connecting the Upper Town, its central part, with the trade area Podil.

Today Andrew’s Descent is a street-museum. This is one of the major tourist attractions in the Ukrainian capital. Many famous figures of science and culture: scholars, writers, composers, painters, sculptors lived and worked here.

Andrew's Descent, Kiev, Ukraine view 1

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Museum of Folk Architecture and Life of the Middle Dnieper is an open air museum, located on the outskirts of Pereyaslav-Khmelnitsky town (about 100 km from Kiev).

The museum presents a Ukrainian village of the late 19th – early 20th centuries, as well as buildings and monuments since the late Paleolithic period to the times of Kievan Rus. Thirteen thematic museums can be found on the territory of 30 hectares. Photos by Kirill Vyazankin

Folk architecture and life museum, Ukraine view 1

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Vorontsov Palace is located in Alupka (Crimea Republic) at the foot of Mount Ai-Petri. At present the palace houses a museum. Vorontsov Palace has a beautiful park – a monument of landscape architecture.

The palace was built on the new (as compared with classicism) architectural and construction principles. An important architectural feature was the location of the palace, constructed in accordance with the relief of the mountains, so the palace is fit seamlessly into the surrounding landscape. Photos by nice-places.com

Vorontsov Palace, Alupka, Crimea, Ukraine view 1

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A lot of the houses of Odessa have not only external facade charm, but also unique inner worlds. After one step inside you find yourself in completely different worlds inaccessible to most eyes – the worlds of front doors, stairs, and staircases.

They really do not look like each other. They are not always clean and pleasant smelling, they are not always easily accessible, but they are always fraught with mystery opening the hidden pages of Odessa life. Photos by Anton Polyakov.

The staircases of Odessa houses, Ukraine view 1

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Akkerman fortress located in Belgorod-Dnestrovskiy city (Odessa oblast) is a historic and architectural monument of the 13th-15th centuries. It is one of the most preserved fortresses on the territory of Ukraine. Also Akkerman fortress is the largest fortification in the country.

All the buildings of the fortress are surrounded by fortress walls, the length of which reaches 2.5 km. The initial number of towers was 34, 12 of which were hollow, battle towers. The rest towers were bastions and half bastions. They were later turned into artillery platforms. Photos by Alexander Lipilin.

Akkerman fortress, Belgorod-Dnestrovskiy, Ukraine view 1

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The house #17/2 located on Shelkovichnaya Street in Kiev is a former mansion of a famous merchant and philanthropist Semen Semenovich Mogilevtsev built in 1901 by the talented architect Vladimir Nikolaevich Nikolaev. Kievites named it “The Chocolate House” for the characteristic color and rich decoration of the facades.

The mansion is a two-storey building with a large basement and an attic over an extension. The plan of the house is typical for rich mansions of the late 19th Рearly 20th centuries. The main facade, facing Shelkovichnaya and Pilip Orlik streets, is decorated in the style of the Italian Renaissance. The appearance of the building is preserved almost in its original form. Photos by macwrangler.

The Chocolate House, Kiev, Ukraine view 1

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Neo-gothic style Roman Catholic Church of Exaltation of the Holy Cross was built in Fastiv in 1903-1911. Today, this architectural monument of national importance is the main sight of the city. The church was constructed at the expense of representatives of the Polish gentry.

The author of the design was architect W. Dombrowski. Main feature of the church is the asymmetry of its western facade. The asymmetric structure of the facade of the building is explained by the influence of art nouveau style.

Roman Catholic Church, Fastiv, Ukraine view 1

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Yeni-Kale is an ancient fortress located in the Crimea on the shore of the Kerch Strait. The fortress was built by the Ottomans in 1699-1706. The name is translated from Turkish meaning “new castle” (yeni – new, kale – fortress). Currently Yeni Kale is on the territory of Kerch city.

Yeni Kale was of great strategic importance. Located at the narrowest part of the strait the fortress, armed with powerful guns, controlled the passage of ships between the Azov and Black Seas. The construction was led by Goloppo – an Italian who had converted to Islam. Also several French engineers took part in the construction. Photos by Alexander Lipilin.

Yeni-Kale fortress, Crimea, Ukraine view 1

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