Gorlovka city, Ukraine (Horlivka)

The city of Donetsk oblast.

Gorlovka overview

Gorlovka (also spelled Horlivka) is a city located in Donetsk region of Ukraine. It is an important railway junction of the region. Distance to Donetsk: by road - 37 km, by railway - 53 km.

The population - 259,000 (2012).

Phone code - +380 6242; postal codes - 84600-84690.

Gorlovka city flag

Gorlovka city flag

Gorlovka city coat of arms

Gorlovka city coat of arms

Gorlovka city map location


Gorlovka history

First settlements of Cossacks in present city area appeared in the beginning of the 18th century. In 1867, due to construction of Kursk-Kharkov-Azov railroad the village appeared to be the home for railroad workers. It was named in honor of mining engineer P.N. Gorlov.

At the same time the industry of coal mining was developing quickly and in 1871-1874 the coal mine “Korsun Kop #1” was built. It was the largest coal mine in Donbass region.

In 1886, the first Russian mercury factory was built in Gorlovka. In 1898, the population was about 7,000. In 1913, there were 50 factories of various industries with the total population of 30,000.

During the Soviet period, the city was an important coal mining center with the population of 337,000 (1979). In recent years, a lot of mines were closed, and Gorlovka population reduced by 20%.

There are industrial plants of 10 branches, among them the largest is the chemical one (52%) of all output. The second one is food industry (10%), machine-building (7,5%), coal industry (6%).

Nowadays, almost all mines are closed and filled with water. A huge underground lake might be formed under the city and it will be a very dangerous situation.

Gorlovka views

Gorlovka city view

Gorlovka city view

Author: Vadim Dzhelomanov

Gorlovka street

Gorlovka street

Author: Matvey Andreev

Gorlovka street view

Gorlovka street view

Author: Mark Scheider


Gorlovka sights

Museums

Miniature Books Museum named after V. Razumov. The museum is unique in Ukraine and neighboring countries. The exhibit is based on the collection of civil engineer V. Razumov.

The museum has about 8000 miniature and micro books (maximum size - about 100 mm, the minimal ones are comparable in size with poppy seeds). In particular, the exhibition shows the book of A. Pushkin, which is 60 times smaller than a poppy seed. Several books were made in the 18th-19th centuries.

In addition to the books there are micro miniatures made on human and horse hair. Pobeda Avenue, 57. Opening hours: 9:00-15:00, day off - Wednesday.

Museum of Art. The museum was established through the initiative of the inhabitants of the city who provided a small collection of paintings. Today, the collection includes three thousand paintings, drawings, sculptures and decorative arts.

The museum has a large collection of paintings by Russian and Ukrainian artists of the 18th-20th centuries. The largest in Ukraine collection of Roerich (28 paintings) is exhibited there. Pushkin Street, 23. Opening hours: 8:00-15:30, day off: Wednesday.

More Museums…

Local History Museum. This museum has about 32 thousand exhibits and 9 exhibition halls.

There are the following expositions:

  • “Legends of the city”,
  • “The nomad steppe”,
  • “Our origins”,
  • “He founded the town and gave his name to it. About the engineer P.M. Gorlov”,
  • “Gorlovka in Revolution. About the uprising in 1905”,
  • “The city in 1920-1930th”,
  • “The Great Patriotic War”,
  • “About the history of the city since independence”,
  • “Scorched by Afghanistan”.

A separate exhibition is about poet Pavel Besposchadniy. Pushkin Street, 15. Opening hours: 8:30-15:30, day off - Tuesday.

Museum of Cosmonauts Volkov. The exposition is devoted to the world’s first space dynasty. Pilot-Cosmonaut A. Volkov was born in Gorlovka in 1948. From 1985 to 1992, he took part in three space flights, spent 391 days in orbit and performed two spacewalks.

His son S. Volkov also became a cosmonaut. He had a flight on the Russian “Soyuz TMA-12” space ship.

The museum is opened in a school #25. There is a plan to create Space Museum of Donbass on its basis. The museum will have the sections about the other cosmonauts of the region. It is planned to exhibit several meteorites fallen near the city in 1974. The largest meteorite weighing 4 kg was named “Gorlovka”. Olenev Street, 10.

Museum of Stus. The museum is devoted to great Ukrainian poet and activist V. Stus. In 1962-1963, Stus lived in the city and taught Ukrainian language and literature at school #23. It was his first job. Izotov Street, 8.

Gorlovka scenery

Gorlovka city street

Gorlovka city street

Author: Mark Scheider

Gorlovka central department store

Gorlovka central department store

Author: Vladimir Khodakovsky

Gorlovka scenery

Gorlovka scenery

Author: Vadim Dzhelomanov


Monuments

Monument to the Heroes of Gorlovka uprising. Multi-figure 16-meter bronze monument is a part of a memorial to the heroes of Gorlovka armed uprising of 1905.

The conflict of Donbass armed workers with Russia’s government forces happened during the all-Russian political strike. The authorities used weapons to end the strike. In response the troops of armed workers began to arrive to Gorlovka from the surrounding villages of miners (about 4 thousand people in total and 600 with a firearm).

Cossacks forces from Enakievo arrived to help the government troops. The uprising was finally suppressed. The monument was erected in the “Yubileiniy” park are in 1980. Vosstaniya Square.

Monument to Gorlov. It is a monument to the founder of the city - mining engineer P. Gorlov (1839-1915). The monument was erected in the center of the city in 1999. Gorlov was one of the pioneers of the Donbass coal industry. He took an active part in the construction of the Kursk-Kharkov-Azov railroad and built first coal mines on the future site of the town. Pobeda Avenue, 3.

Monument to Izotov. It is the world’s first monument to the worker. In 1932, miner N. Izotov achieved unprecedented production. He exceeded the plan of coal production by 5 times. The monument was opened during the celebration of the 100th anniversary of Gorlovka in 1968. Lenin Avenue, 1.

Other places of interest

Nicholas Cathedral. The cathedral was built in 1905. In 1929, it was closed. After that, until the German occupation in 1941 the building was used as a laboratory of Donenergo. During the World War II, the services were resumed, the domes of the church were rebuilt. The reconstruction was completed in 1989. Vostrukhin Street, 2.

Gorky Park. The Park of Culture and Rest named after M. Gorky functions as a city park from 1932. The total area of the park is about 61 hectares. There are rides for children and adults, various cultural events are being conducted regularly. Deep in the park there is the city stadium and sports complex. Parkovaya Street, 1.

The Public Garden of Heroes. It was opened in 1969. A year later at the foot of the Obelisk of Glory an eternal flame was lit. Near the obelisk, there are plaques with the names of 22 residents of Gorlovka, awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union. In 1995, to commemorate the 50th anniversary of victory in World War II the Alley of Veterans was opened there. Rudakov Street.

The Public Garden of the Soviet Army. The garden was opened near the cinema “Ukraine” in the center of the city in 1961. It was a place of mass grave of Soviet soldiers during the World War II. Tank T-34 was placed on the hill over the grave to honor the fallen soldiers. Pobeda Avenue.

Puppet Theater. The theater was founded by a group of enthusiasts in 2001. The repertoire includes various children’s plays, plays for adults, music and entertainment programs. Performances take place on Saturday and Sunday and public holidays. Lenin Avenue, 19.

Gorlovka hotels

Mini hotel “Gostiniy Dvor”. The restaurant and hotel complex is located in the southwestern part of the city, in an environmental friendly area. Main services: restaurant (European and Russian cuisine), sauna, parking. Minin and Pozharskiy Street, 134. Contact phones: +380 624 55 37 32, +380 624 55 60 78.

Hotel “Ukraina”. Modern two-story hotel located in the business and cultural center of Gorlovka close to bus and railway stations. Main services: restaurant (traditional Ukrainian cuisine), Internet, parking. Gagarin Street, 12. Contact phone: +380 624 52 08 56.

More Hotels…

Hotel “Ellada”. A small budget hotel located in the central district of the city. There is a parking. Vrubov Street, 13. Contact phone: +380 6242 4 10 03.

Hotel “Stirol”. This departmental hotel is located in the district of the city close to the center. Pobeda Avenue, 145-a. Contact phone: +380 6242 2 80 17.

Hotel “Rozoviy Flamingo”. The hotel complex located near the center. Main services: snack-bar, billiards, sauna, taxi, parking. Gorlovskaya Diviziya Street, 58/3. Contact phone: +380 6242 7 29 76.

Gorlovka city, Ukraine photos

Gorlovka sights

Gorlovka Lenin monument

Gorlovka Lenin monument

Author: Mark Scheider

Gorlovka Nicholas Cathedral

Gorlovka Nicholas Cathedral

Author: Vadim Dzhelomanov


The questions of our visitors

Jacques asks: Can you please tell me if there is a hospital at Vrubova Str., #3 Gorlovka city and contact numbers?
Expert's answer:
Yes, it is the address of Gorlovka city hospital #1. The contact phone is +380 6242 42414.
JN asks: Where can I find a list of hotels in Gorlovka?
Expert's answer:
I have found the following Gorlovka city hotels. Hotel «Gostynny Dvor» (address: Minina-Pozharskogo Str., 134; contact phone: +380-6242-55-37-32, +380-6242-55-03-08), Hotel «Rodina» (address: Dimitrova Boulevard, 49; contact phone: +380-6242-2-82-82, +380-6242-2-60-10), Hotel «Umaks»(address: Vrubova Str., 13; contact phone: +380-6242-4-10-03).

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