Zakarpattia region overview
Zakarpattia region, located in the far south-west of Ukraine, has a unique geographical position.
It occupies the south-eastern part of the Ukrainian Carpathians and Danube lowland. Other names of the region: Zakarpatska, Podkarpatska, Transcarpathian, Transcarpathia, Zakarpattya.
In the north, west and south Zakarpattia region borders on Poland, Slovakia, Hungary and Romania. Uzhhorod is the capital city.
Population (2014) - 1,259,000 (2.78%).
Land area - 12,777 sq. km. (2.11%, 24th place).
Zakarpattia region brief history
At different times, this territory belonged to the Great Moravia, the Kievan Rus, the Hungarian Kingdom, Transilvaniya and Austria-Hungary.
In 1918-1919, it was occupied by Czech and Romanian armies. In May 1919, the meeting in Uzhgorod declared their will to join Czechoslovakia. On June 4, 1920, it joined Czechoslovakia under the name “Podkarpatskaya Rus’”.
After independence of Czechoslovakia was abolished, in Zakarpatye, on March 15, 1939, an independent state was declared - the Carpathian Ukraine. On March 18, 1939, Hungarian troops arrived in Zakarpatye and its independence was abolished, the territory was annexed by Hungary.
In 1944, Zakarpatye was occupied by the Soviet troops and, in 1945, it became the part of the Ukrainian SSR and received the name “Zakarpatskaya oblast”.
Zakarpattia province nature
Beautiful nature of Zakarpattia
Zakarpattia region scenery
Zakarpattia province scenery
Zakarpattia region features
About 80% of the territory is occupied by the Carpathian Mountains. Hoverla Mount (2061 meters) is the highest mountain in the region and Ukraine.
The region has temperate continental climate. The average temperature in July is up to plus 21 degrees Celsius, in winter - minus 4 degrees Celsius (in the highlands - minus 10 degrees).
The total area of all protected sites is 12.5% of the entire territory of Zakarpattia region.
Carpathian Biosphere Reserve, created in 1968, is one of the largest and most interesting object of the nature reserve fund of Ukraine. Its ecosystem is among the most valuable in the world and, since 1993, it belongs to the international network of biosphere reserves protected by UNESCO.
Because of its favorable geographic location, Zakarpattia region was always an important link between the states of Northern and Southern, Eastern and Western Europe.
Its position near several European states, on international transit routes, allows the region to play a great part in Ukraine’s integration to European structures and favors its active participation in international division of labor.
The region includes 13 administrative districts, 11 cities and towns, 19 urban villages and 579 villages.
Mineral water and climate are the main resort resources of Transcarpathian region. This province plays a major role in Ukrainian tourism industry. Zakarpattia region is also the center of winter sports in Ukraine.
Zakarpattia region economy
Industry: highly developed wood-working; food-processing, consumer goods production and machine-building.
Agriculture: grains, potatoes, vegetables; wineries and gardening.