Kherson oblast overview
Kherson oblast is developed industrial and agrarian territory in the south of Ukraine. The region borders on Zaporozhye oblast in the east, Crimea in the south (along Sivash and Perekop isthmus), Nikolaev oblast in the northwest, Dnepropetrovsk oblast in the north. Kherson is the capital city.
Kherson oblast has the population of about 1,115,000 (2012); land area is 28,461 sq. km.
Kherson oblast history
First traces of a human being on the territory of present Kherson region refer to the 10th-5th thousand years B.C. In the 3rd–early 2nd thousand years B.C., most part of the steppe territory was inhabited by cattle-breeding tribes. At the late 4th–early 1st thousand years B.C., the area was inhabited more densely. In the 6th-3rd centuries B.C., new Scythians nomad tribes occupied the territory and formed their own state - Scythia.
Later, in the 9th century, with the formation of the Kievan Rus, the Dnieper became a part of trade ways “from Varangians to Greeks”. The access to the Black Sea was opened. When Zaporozhskaya sech was founded, Cossacks started inhabiting the low Dnieper area and they defended the area from Tatar-Mongols.
On March 13th, 1944, Yuri Levitan read out the information of Soviet information bureau where by some mistake it was told about liberation of the “regional center” Kherson. In order not to misinform people, Josef Stalin ordered to form Khersonskaya oblast. It was formed on March 30th, the same year. Several districts of Nikolaev and Zaporozhye oblasts made up Kherson oblast.
Kherson oblast landscapes
Kherson oblast info
Kherson region is located in the Black Sea lowland in the steppe zone, along the lower Dnieper River. The seaside and frontier position, closeness of the Azov and Black Seas and outlet to the Dnieper River are the basic features of Kherson oblast economic and geographical location.
Kherson oblast area makes up 4.7% of Ukrainian territory. The climate is temperate continental, arid with unstable agriculture. Average annual temperature is +10 degrees C.
Kherson region sea coastline is 120 km long. The corresponding climatic conditions, availability of recreation resources favored the formation of a broad network of boarding houses, rest houses, sanatorium, children’s health camps.
The oblast includes 3 rural districts and 3 urban ones in the city of Kherson, 9 towns, 30 town type villages, 660 rural settlements.
Kherson oblast economy
Kherson oblast industry: food processing, consumer goods industry, machine-building (incl. world level shipbuilding facilities).
Kherson oblast agriculture: grains, sugar beets, potatoes, vegetables, sunflowers; cattle and poultry farming.