Khmelnitsky (also spelled Khmelnytskyi, Khmelnytsky), former (until 1954) Proskurov, is a city and administrative center of Khmelnitsky region, western Ukraine.
It is standing along the upper Yuzhny (Southern) Bug River. The city is a highway and railway junction of the region.
The population - 262,000 (2012).
Phone code - +380 382; postal codes - 29000-29027.
It was first time mentioned in chronicles of 1493. It was called Proskirov that time. In the second half of the 16th century, the fortress was built there. Originally, a Polish military post, it was seized by Cossacks during the mid-17th century.
In 1780s, Proskirov was renamed Proskurov. In 1793, it passed to Russia by the Second Partition of Poland.
In 1954, the city was renamed Khmelnitsky to commemorate the 300th anniversary of Ukraine’s uniting with Russia.
Present day city is a large industrial center of Podoliya area. In 2004, there were 56 industrial works, which produced about 35% of all the output of the region.
It is a rail junction on the Odessa-Lviv and Chernivtsi-Korosten lines.
The climate of the area is moderately continental. The average temperature of the warmest month (July) is plus 18-19 degrees Celsius, and the coldest (January) - minus 5-6 degrees C.
Maximum temperature in summer reaches +38 degrees C, the minimum in winter -35 degrees C. The average annual temperature is plus 7-8 degrees C. The average annual rainfall is 510-580 mm.
Khmelnitsky is an important cultural center. Educational and cultural facilities include a technological institute, theater and philharmonic hall.
Khmelnitsky places of interest
Cathedral of the Nativity of the Virgin. It is the oldest stone building in the city (1837). The cathedral was built on the site of the first Orthodox church of the 18th century burned down in 1822. Vaiser Street, 15-a.
Catholic Church of St. Vincent de Paul. The Dominican monastery with the Church of St. Vincent de Paul was founded in 1612 by the means of the town owner K. Senyuta. The present building was constructed in 1789. Catholic monastery lasted until 1859, after that the church was rebuilt into the Orthodox Church.
In Soviet times, the building was used by different institutions: prison, cultural center and library. Only in 1991, the church was returned to the Catholic community of the town. Today, the church is being restored. Belogorye town (about 120 km from Khmelnitsky), Franco Street, 28.
Local History Museum. The museum is located in a modern building surrounded by historic buildings of the downtown. There are about 60 thousand exhibits, including the medieval coins and jewelry of Kievan Rus, large collection of porcelain (the 19th-20th centuries), antique furniture and glassware. Podolskaya Street, 12. Opening hours: 8:00-17:00.
City History Museum. This museum is located in a modern building in the pedestrian zone. It is a small-sized museum with an exposition covering the major events of city history. More than two thousand exhibits are presented there. Proskurovskaya Street, 30.
Museum of Art. The art gallery is housed in former bank building (1903). The collection has eight thousand works of art by forty contemporary artists.
The majority of the exhibits are made in national style. In particular, there is permanent exhibition of the artist G. Vereiskiy. The museum runs an art shop. Proskurovskaya Street, 47. Opening hours: 10:00-18:00, day off - Sunday.
Street near movie theater
Shevchenko Public Garden. It is a favorite place of recreation for people living in the city. Until the 19th century, it was an oak grove on the outskirts of the old Proskurov town.
In 1824, the trade area was established there, some trees were cut down. At the end of the 19th century, it was decided to create a public garden there. The garden is decorated with whimsical metal sculptures created by contemporary artist N. Masur. Proskurovskaya Street, 40.
The city repeatedly experienced large fires and destruction, the old buildings were burned in a fire in 1822, and, after the World War II, only a very few landmarks survived.
The monuments of architecture are only a few buildings of the 19th - early 20th centuries in baroque, eclecticism and modernism.
Most notable among them:
- The oldest stone building of the city - the Cathedral of the Nativity of the Virgin (1837);
- The building of former secondary school (1905);
- Some landmarks on Proskurovskaya Street - the building of the Museum of Art (1903), and the House of Culture, where first theater was opened in 1892.
There is a quite interesting monument made from the wreckage of strategic intercontinental ballistic missile SS-19.
The city has the only in Ukraine monument to famous Baron Munchausen.
And of course among the attractions of the city is its huge marketplace.
Hotel “Lybid-Plaza”. The hotel is located in the center of the city in retail and entertainment complex “Lybid-Plaza”. Panoramic views of the city center. The hotel was opened in October 2007.
Main services: 3 restaurants (original, Japanese, Ukrainian cuisine), cafe-bar, billiards, bowling, trade center, laundry, dry-cleaning, Wi-Fi, parking. Kamenetskaya Street, 21. Contact phone: +380 382 78 76 00.
Hotel “Coliseum”. The hotel-restaurant complex is located in micro district “Blizhniye Grechany”. Main services: restaurant, bar, billiards, sauna, Wi-Fi, parking. Chkalov Street, 1-a. Contact phone: +380 382 55 93 35.
Hotel “Vik-Jan”. Comfortable private hotel located close to the central part of the city. Main services: restaurant (European cuisine), bar, sauna, pool, playground, taxi, dry-cleaning, Wi-Fi, parking. Martovskaya Street, 5/1. Contact phone: +380 382 72 90 71.
Mini-hotel “Pivdenna brama”. The hotel-restaurant complex is located on the outskirts of Khmelnitsky (Kamenets Podolskiy direction), on the corner of Kamenetskaya and Zhitetskiy Streets. Main services: restaurant (Ukrainian and European cuisine), bar, sauna, pool, Wi-Fi, parking. Zhitetskiy Street, 1/1. Contact phone: +380 3822 2 39 03.
Hotel “Eneida”. Large multi-storey hotel located in the center. The hall and several floors were renovated according to European standards. Main services: restaurant, bar, conference hall, barbershop, parking. Teatralnaya Street, 8. Contact phone: +380 382 79 59 32.
Hotel “Podillya”. Large multi-storey Soviet times hotel located on one of the main streets of the city, close to the center. The building was partially renovated.
Main services: restaurant (Ukrainian and European cuisine), bar, gym, laundry, ATM, barbershop, conference hall, Wi-Fi, billiards, laundry, parking. Shevchenko Street, 34. Contact phones: +380 382 76 55 20, +380 76 26 11.
Mini-hotel “Lyube”. Private restaurant and hotel complex located in the outermost part of the city in the Grechany district (“Neva” plant). Main services: restaurant, cafe-bar, conference hall, Wi-Fi, parking. Kurchatov Street, 17. Contact phones: +380 382 70 40 70, +380 382 55 92 53.
Hotel “Tsentralniy”. The hotel is located in the very center of the city. Main services: restaurant, conference hall, barbershop, bank, Internet, Wi-Fi, parking. Gagarin Street, 5. Contact phones: +380 382 65 77 59, +380 382 76 45 41.