Ternopil foundation date is unknown. The first known mention occurred in 1524, when, as a Polish town, it was sacked by the Tatars.
In 1548, Magdeburg Law was adopted. In 1655, the Cossack troops headed by B.Khmelnitsky captured the town. But it remained under control of Poland.
On the first partition of Poland, in 1772, the town was captured by Austria. In 1809-1815, it was ruled by the Russian Empire.
After the fall of Austro-Hungary, Ternopil was passed to Poland in 1920. It was annexed by the USSR in 1939. The Second World War inflicted exceptionally heavy damage on the city.
Present day Ternopil is an important railway hub. The city has light, engineering, food-processing, and consumer-goods industries.
The climate is of moderate continental type, with warm humid summers and mild winters.
The average temperature varies from 5 degrees Celsius below zero in January to 19 degrees C above zero in July.
The origin of the name
For a long time, the town was called Tarnopol. The current variant of the city name was introduced in 1944.
There are various versions of the city name origin. It is very likely that the settlement was originally called after its founder Yan Amor Tarnovsky.
Ternopil as a tourist center
Despite the fact that almost all buildings in the city were built after the Second World War, the 16th century Nativity and the 18th century Dominican churches survived.
The city is known for its architectural and cultural monuments. It is a very comfortable place for foreign travelers. There are a lot of exchange points and modern hotels.
Ternopil is the center of the region famous for its castles, waterfalls, caverns and rivers.
It is the beginning of picturesque rafting routes along the Dniester canyon, tours to Ternopil caverns, to the highest lowland Dzhurinsky waterfall, and an ancient church in the rock in Monastirka on the river Strypa.
Traces of ancient people’s sites are found in the settlements Veliky Glybochok, Petrikiv and Stupky. In spite of wars, several houses - the monuments of architecture, history and culture are still preserved in Ternopil.
Architectural ensembles in the central part of the city give an idea of the old Ternopil architecture.
The city lake
The lake, created in 1951, is the main attraction and decoration of Ternopil.
It should be noted that lakes can be found in the center of only two European cities.
The Dominican Church. The Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary is an architectural monument of the late European Baroque.
It is an impressive Roman Catholic Church with two towers, built in 1749-1779 in the historical center of the city, on the site of an ancient Orthodox church.
The church was heavily damaged during the Second World War; it was rebuilt in 1953. The building was used as a picture gallery of the local history museum.
In 1992, the church was restored and returned to the local community of Greek Catholics. Unfortunately, the interiors of the cathedral didn’t survive. Sagaidachny Street, 14.
The Church of the Exaltation of the Cross. It is the oldest church in Ternopil, built by the founder of the town, the crown hetman J. Tarnowski on the site of an ancient church of the times of Prince Danylo Galitsky.
The church was located near the western (Lviv) gate over the pond. In 1627, the bell tower was constructed. The church was restored in 1959. Nad Stavom Street, 16.
The Church of the Nativity is a very beautiful church, one of the finest examples of Podolia architecture school of the 17th century. The church was built near the eastern gate of the city in 1602-1608.
It acquired its present look as a result of restoration made in 1937. The main shrine of the church is the icon of Our Lady of Ternopil. Russkaya Street, 22.
The Museum of Political Prisoners. The Historical and Memorial Museum of Political Prisoners is located in the basement of the former temporary jail detention center of Ternopil NKVD and KGB.
The exhibition is devoted to the struggle of Ukrainian nationalists with the communist regime, repressive methods of the Soviet secret police and life of prisoners in Gulag camps.
You can see cells, torture tools, household items of prisoners. Also, there is a layout of the Siberian prison camp. Copernicus Street, 1. Opening hours: 10:00-17:00, days off - Saturday, Sunday, Monday.
The Local History Museum. The museum was founded in 1913. Originally, there were four main exhibitions: ethnographic, historical and numismatic, natural history and archaeological.
Today, the exhibition includes more than 150 thousand exhibits and reflects the history of Ternopil region from the 10th century.
In particular, there is a collection of pottery, found during excavations in the region. Iskusstv Square, 3. Opening hours: 10:00-17:45, days off - Monday, Wednesday.
The Museum of Art. The collection of paintings of lesser-known artists of the 18th-20th centuries is presented in the museum.
Also, there is a collection of sacred art: icons, crucifixes, statues, and church bells. Krushelnitskaya Street, 1. Opening hours: 9:30-17:30, day off - Saturday.
The Restaurant-Museum “Staraya Melnitsa” (Old Mill) known for its national cuisine and rich collection of various objects of traditional Ukrainian life. Brodovskaya Street, 1.
The Church of the Nativity
The Monument to Bandera. The monument to the leader of Ukrainian nationalists Stepan Bandera was erected in honor of the centenary of his birth in 2008. The monument is located in the park of Shevchenko, in front of the Ternopil Region State Administration.
The Monument to Danilo Galitsky. The monument to prince Danilo Galitsky, the unifier of western Ukraine lands, was placed in the center of the city in 2002. In the middle of the 13th century, Danilo Galitsky was able to unite Galicia-Volyn state. Volya Square.
The Monument to Krushelnitskaya. The world’s first monument to the outstanding opera singer S. Krushelnitskaya was erected in 2010.
Before it, the memory of the Ukrainian singer, born in Ternopil region, was perpetuated only in busts placed in Lviv and Milan, where she performed at La Scala Theater. Shevchenko Boulevard.
The Monument to Franco. The monument to the Ukrainian writer and public figure I. Franko appeared in Ternopil in 1995. It is located in the park behind the Dominican Church in the place of the former gymnasium #1, where the writer met with local schoolboys in 1902. Hetman Sagaidachny Street.
The Monument to Shevchenko. The monument to Taras Shevchenko was erected near the regional drama theater named after the poet in 1982. It is located in the public garden to the right of the theater. Grushevsky Street.
The Monument to Plumber, Invisible Man, and Chair. This humorous monument was opened in the center, near the shopping center “Atrium”, in 2010. Two sculptures are devoted to literary works, and the third one - to the community services workers.
The monument to the 12th chair was inspired by the satirical book by Ilf and Petrov “12 chairs”. The monument to the Invisible Man refers to the novel by H. Wells. The monument to a plumber is dedicated to Ternopil water utility workers. Cardinal Slipoy Street, 7.
Other places of interest
Ternopil Pond (Lake). The large pond in the center of the city was created at the initiative of Crown Hetman J. Tarnovsky, during the construction of Ternopil Castle. The area of the pond is about 300 hectares.
The main purpose of the pond was to protect the castle. In addition, it was used for fish breeding. Today, the pond is surrounded by a park. It is a favorite walking place of locals and visitors. Russkaya Street.
Ternopil Castle. The castle was founded in 1540 by great crown hetman J. Tarnowski on the site of the ancient Russian settlement Sopilche (Topilche) to protect the Polish border from the Tatars. In the 17th century, the great crown chancellor T. Zamoyski expanded the fortress, but in subsequent years it was repeatedly destroyed.
In particular, the castle was almost completely demolished by the Turks when they captured the city in 1672. In the beginning of the 19th century, the count F. Koritovsky built a palace on its place, after demolishing the remaining fortifications, towers and gates.
But several parts of the castle were preserved. During the World War I, the palace was burnt down. It was renovated to house exhibition halls and a sports training center in 1951.
If you look at the palace from the lake side, it is clearly visible that it was a fortress in the past. Zamkovaya Street, 12.
Shevchenko Drama Theater. The theater was founded in 1915 on the initiative of the famous Ukrainian actor and theater director L. Kurbas as the first professional theater in Ternopil.
The present building of the theater was constructed in 1957. In the park next to the theater, you can find the monument to Taras Shevchenko. Shevchenko Boulevard, 22.
The water park “Limpopo” is a part of the recreation complex “Alligator”. The total area of the park is 4.2 thousand square meters. It can accommodate 400 visitors. There are six pools of various types.
The water park complex includes a Turkish bath. The complex has bowling, disco, restaurant, billiards, fitness club. Gayov Street, 29. Opening hours: 7:00-22:00.
Hotel “Versal”. This hotel, built in 2008, is located in the park zone at the entrance to the city from Lviv.
The main services: restaurant, playground, parking. Lvovskaya Street, 34. Contact phones: +380 352 51 28 95, +380 352 51 29 95.
Hotel “Kamelot”. It is a modern hotel and restaurant complex built in 2009.
The main services: restaurant (Ukrainian, Polish, Hungarian cuisine), bar, 2 saunas with 3 pools, gym, beauty salon, conference hall, Wi-Fi, parking. Obyezdnaya Street, 6. Contact phones: +380 35 251 47 47, +380 35 251 47 51.
Hostel “Gostinniy Dvor”. The hostel is located in the very center of Ternopil, close to the pond and Shevchenko Park. Barbershop, drug store and minimarket are located nearby.
The main services: sauna, kitchen, laundry, playground, Wi-Fi, parking. Academician Gorbachevskiy Street, 1. Contact phones: +380 97 722 83 11, +380 352 55 49 85.
Mini-hotel “Retro Car”. It is located about 1.5 km from the center of the city. The main services: cafe-bar, Wi-Fi, parking. Mikulinetskaya Street, 116-a. Contact phones: +380 352 47 55 02, +380 352 47 55 22.
Hotel “Pallada”. This modern hotel and restaurant complex was built in 2011. The main services: restaurant, bar, Wi-Fi, parking. Budniy Street, 1. Contact phone: +380 352 52 55 03.
Hotel “Alligator”. The recreation complex, built in 1999, is located on the outskirts of the city.
The main services: water park, bowling, bar, billiards, fitness club, restaurant (Ukrainian cuisine), conference hall, sauna, car wash, Internet, taxi, transfer, massage, laundry, dry-cleaning, currency exchange, parking. Gayov Street, 29. Contact phones: +380 352 52 71 72, +380 352 52 82 82.
Hotel “Ternopil”. The hotel is located in the center. The architectural monuments and park are located nearby.
The main services: restaurant (European cuisine), bar, conference hall, laundry, gym, shops, transfer, parking. Zamkovaya Street, 14. Contact phones: +380 352 52 42 63, +380 352 52 43 97, +380 352 43 37 90.
Hotel “Tsentralniy”. The hotel can be found in the historic center of Ternopil. There is a restaurant (European and French cuisine). Shevchenko Boulevard, 25. Contact phones: +380 352 23 52 11, +380 352 25 35 16.
Hotel “Halychyna”. This large hotel is located near the central part of Ternopil, in the recreation zone.
The main services: restaurant (European cuisine), bar, Internet, conference hall, excursions, parking. Chumatskaya Street, 1-a. Contact phones: +380 352 53 35 95, +380 352 52 43 97.
Recreation complex “Dikanka”. This new hotel and restaurant complex can be found on the outskirts of Ternopil.
The main services: restaurant (European cuisine), sauna, massage, parking. April 15 Street, 3-a. Contact phone: +380 352 42 14 14.