The first record of Kolomyia as a town of Prince Danylo Halyytsky refers to the chronicles of 1241. It was standing at the crossroads of important trade ways to Prague, Vienna, Regensburg and Meinz.
In the mid 13th century, the town was an important center of salt extracting. Convenient location of the town promoted rapid growth of trade. Kolomya was a part of Galitsko-Volynsky state.
From 1349 to 1569, the town belonged to Poland. In 1405, it was granted the Magdeburg law. In 1498, the Turks and Valkhs, while moving to the west, destroyed the town. After that, they plundered Pokutye almost every year. In 1502 and 1505, Kolomyia was burnt, and, in 1589, it was almost completely destroyed.
More Historical Facts…
In 1772, after Poland was divided for the first time, the town was ruled by the Gabsburgs. German colonies were built in the outskirts. The government built 6 barracks and 3 gunpowder magazines. Troops were concentrated in the town. In 1884, electric tram transportation was opened.
On September 15, 1914, the Russian troops entered the town. During the period when the Tsar army stayed in the town, Taras Shevchenko statue was destroyed, Ukrainian press and books publishing was prohibited, Ukrainian book-stores and libraries were closed. After Polish-Ukrainian war, the town belonged to Polish republic.
During the World War II, Kolomyia was the site of the Jewish ghetto (about 18,000). In 1943, about 16,000 people from the ghetto were deported to Belzhets concentration camp. The city was liberated by the Red Army in March, 1944. It became the part of the Ukrainian SSR. During the war, about 1/3 of the city was burnt.
After the war, restoration began, but, at the same time, a considerable part of local intelligentsia was arrested and taken to Siberia, Catholic priests were also prosecuted, several churches were destroyed.
The Town Hall of Kolomyia
Kolomyia places of interest
The Museum of Pysanka (Easter egg). The world’s only museum of Pysanka has a unique collection of miniature Ukrainian traditional paintings on Easter eggs.
The museum building is made in the form of a huge Easter egg. The height of the building is 13 meters. The collection includes about 10 thousand exhibits, representing the tradition of Pysanka painting of almost all regions of the country.
Also, works of artists from Russia, Poland, Czech Republic, Romania, Slovakia, countries of Western Europe and America can be found in the collection. By tradition, while visiting the museum, famous persons leave their autographs on the eggs.
There are regular Pysanka master classes. The souvenir shop offers a wide range of original handmade Easter eggs. V. Chernovol Avenue, 43. Opening hours: 10:00-18:00, day off - Monday.
The Museum of Folk Art. The collection of the museum of folk art of Hutsul and Pokuttia regions named after I. Kobrinsky has about 50 thousand exhibits representing all kinds of traditional folk art of Hutsul and Pokuttia people: wood carving, forging, pottery, weaving, etc.
Traditional clothing, Hutsul ornaments of base and precious metals, weapons are presented there. Teatralnaya Street, 25. Opening hours: 10:00-18:00, day off - Monday.
Local History Museum. The museum occupies the building of the former Kolomyia Povetoviy Council with restored interiors of the 19th-20th centuries. There are 18 exhibition halls showing the history of the city in documents, memorial and everyday life things.
Among the main exhibitions are:
- “The German Colonies in Kolomyia”;
- “Kolomyia and the Habsburgs”;
- “Education in the city (the end of the 19th - the first half of the 20th century)”;
- “The economy and trade in the 19th-20th centuries”;
- “The history of the Jewish community of Kolomyia”.
R. Shukhevych Street, 80. Opening hours: 9:00-18:00, days off - Sunday, Holidays.
The Town Hall. The town hall with a square tower is located at the corner of Market Square half-turned to other houses. It is dominating other two-, three-storey buildings of the downtown. This stone town hall was built on the site of the burnt wooden one. In 1880, I. Franko was imprisoned there. As in earlier times, the place is occupied by local authorities. M. Grushevskiy Street, 1.
The Gymnasium of Grushevskiy. The gymnasium is located in a former convent of Sisters Ursulyanky, built in 1907. In 1892, the deputies of the Galician Sejm approved the decision to open Ukrainian gymnasium in Kolomyia. At first, the Ukrainian school class was opened in Polish gymnasium (Ukrainian writer V. Stefanik studied there).
In 1900, Ukrainian gymnasium received its own building - the north wing of Polish school. In 1939, the gymnasium was closed. In 1990, it was decided to revive the humanitarian gymnasium. It was placed in the buildings of the monastery of Sisters Ursulyanky. The private women’s gymnasium was there before the World War II. Today, the gymnasium is named after M. Grushevskiy. I. Franko Street, 19.
More Architectural Monuments…
The Drama Theater. The theater bears the name of I. Ozarkevich - the founder of the first Ukrainian drama theater in Galicia. Theaters came there with the transition of the region under Austrian rule.
In 1848, the head of the town council Vereschinsky, mayor Drimalin and local priest Ozarkevich initiated the creation of Ukrainian Amateur Theater. The theater worked for three years.
After a short break, the theater was reborn in 1865 as a professional traveling troupe “Russian Folk Theater”. In 1939, it received a status of the state theater. Vechevoy Maidan, 7.
The People’s House. It was built in 1892 and initially housed a bank. The conference hall of the house was popular performance place of such Ukrainian artists as S. Krushelnytskaya, M. Zankovetskaya, M. Lysenko, V. Stefanik, N. Kobrinskaya. The house was known for its concerts and cultural evenings of the local intelligentsia.
Today, it is a cultural center (lectures, conferences, folk groups concerts, exhibitions, festivals). Government and professional holidays are celebrated there. Teatralnaya Street, 27.
Vozrozhdeniya Square. The square is the historical center of Kolomyia. In the medieval town, it was a part of a large market square with a town hall. The buildings of the 19th-20th centuries are surrounding the square. The oldest building is the house #1 - the hotel “Grand” before the World War II.
In 1914, the bust of Taras Shevchenko was placed there in honor of the 100th anniversary of the poet, but soon it was destroyed. The new monument to Shevchenko was established only in 1990. The walking part of Chernovol Avenue starts there.
Ukrainian freedom fighters monument
Pysanka (painted Easter egg) museum
The Souvenir Market
The Souvenir Market Hutsulschina is a roadside trading center located at the entrance to the city from Chernivtsi. It is a colorfully decorated trade square with a pond, bridge and wooden trade pavilions.
You can buy unique products of local craftsmen there (leather, fur, ceramic, wood and metal handicrafts). There is a cafe nearby.
Annunciation (The Savior) Church. One of the oldest wooden churches in the Carpathian region, an excellent example of Hutsul wooden architecture school. Originally, the church was the part of the monastery, which was destroyed by the Tatars. The wall paintings made in 1648 are preserved. Karpatskaya Street, 2.
The Catholic Church of Virgin Mary. The majestic church of Virgin Mary is standing in the center, near the market square. This Baroque church was built by famous Italian architect B. Meretin in 1775 (according to other sources - in 1762).
In 1895, the church was rebuilt after a fire. In Soviet times, it was closed. In 1991, it was reopened as a Greek-Catholic Church of the Holy Martyr Josaphat Kuntsevich. I. Mazepa Street, 2.
The Catholic Church of Ignatius Loyolly. The church was built on the initiative of the Polish community of Kolomyia. In Soviet times, the building was used as a store. In 1990, the church was returned to the Roman Catholic community. I. Franko Street, 18.
Nikolaevo-Uspenskiy Cathedral. The cathedral was designed by the local architect Victor Mitsay in the end of the 20th century. L. Ukrainka Boulevard, 2-a.
Transfiguration Cathedral. The construction of the cathedral began in 1998. It is the main active Greek-Catholic church in Kolomyia.
It is planned to build a 60-meter bell tower near the cathedral. The chief architect of the cathedral is Victor Mitsay. Teatralnaya Street, 31.
Archangel Michael Church. The Greek Catholic Church of St. Michael the Archangel was built in 1855 on the site of an ancient Dominican monastery and a holy spring. In 1871, the bell tower was built. Since then, the appearance of the church didn’t change. In 1996, the restoration was finished. M. Grushevskiy Street, 11.
Hotel “Kolomyia”. This new comfortable hotel is located in the center, opposite the “Pysanka” museum. Main services: restaurant (traditional Ukrainian cuisine), guide, excursions, parking. V. Chernovol Avenue, 26. Contact phone: +380 3433 2 57 33.
Mini-hotel “Oazys”. It is a private mini-hotel located in the central part of Kolomyia. Main services: restaurant (Hutsul cuisine), transfer, guide, translator, Internet, parking. Kovtsunyak Street, 1-b. Contact phone: +380 99 151 90 98.
Mini-hotel “Samaryanka”. A two-storey mini-hotel located in the central part of the city. Main services: cafe-bar, grocery, parking. L. Ukrainka Street, 35. Contact phones: +380 3433 2 10 57, +380 3433 2 67 17, +380 3433 5 53 50.
Mini-hotel “Magnolia”. A small two-storey mini-hotel located in the very center of Kolomyia. Main services: cafe, sauna, laundry, excursions, bicycles, parking. Teatralnaya Street, 54-a. Contact phones: +380 3433 4 70 39, +380 3433 2 74 57.
Hotel “Pysanka”. A small comfortable hotel built in 2000. It is located in the center, 20 minutes walk from the train station. Main services: cafe-bar, laundry, Internet, parking. V. Chernovol Avenue, 41. Contact phone: +380 3433 2 03 56.
Hotel “Prikarpatye”. This Soviet times hotel is located in the center of the city. Main services: restaurant, parking. M. Grushevskiy Street, 82. Contact phone: +380 3433 2 78 80.