Mukachevo city, Ukraine (Mukacheve)

The city of Zakarpattia oblast.

Mukachevo overview

Mukachevo (also spelled Mukacheve) is a city located in Zakarpattia region of Ukraine. It is an important industrial and cultural center of the region standing on the Latoritsya River.

The population - 84,000 (2012).

Phone code - +380 3131; postal code - 89600.

Mukachevo city flag

Mukachevo city flag

Mukachevo city coat of arms

Mukachevo city coat of arms

Mukachevo city map location


Mukachevo history

The settlement was probably the part of the Kievan Rus from the 9th to the 11th centuries. It was captured by Hungarians in 1018. During the 15th century, the town became an important craft and trade center of the region.

In the 16th century, Mukachevo became the part of Transylvania Principality. In 1646, first gymnasium was established there.

The town came under control of Austria as part of the Kingdom of Hungary at the end of the 18th century. It was made a fortress of the Habsburg Monarchy. During 1796-1897, Mukachevo castle was an all-European political prison.

More Historical Facts…

Carpathian Ruthenia region was occupied by Czechoslovak army in 1919. In November 1938, the territory was re-annexed by Hungary as part of the First Vienna Award.

In 1944, Jewish population of the city was deported to concentration camps of Nazi Germany.

Mukachevo was then the only town in Hungary with a Jewish majority until 1944, when all the Jews were deported to Auschwitz by the Eichmann Commando. The Hungarian Jewish community was the last Jewish community in Europe to be subjected to deportation.

The Red Army forces captured Carpathian Ruthenia region at the end of 1944. The territory became the part of the Soviet Union.

The USSR began the policy of expulsion of the Hungarian population. In 1945, the city became the part of the Ukrainian SSR.

In 2002, it has been the seat of the Roman Catholic diocese comprising Transcarpathia.

Mukachevo streets

Mukachevo city street

Mukachevo city street

Author: Anna Dziuba

Mukachevo street

Mukachevo street

Author: Anna Dziuba

Mukachevo street view

Mukachevo street view

Author: Anna Dziuba


Mukachevo features

Mukachevo is the second largest and economically developed city in the region after its administrative center Uzhhorod. The city is located in the central part of Zakarpattia region, 42 km from the regional center.

Due to its very convenient location (40-50 km from the boundaries with Hungary and Slovakia and 90-100 km from the boundaries with Romania and Poland correspondingly), Mukachevo is a transportation juncture of several international ways.

The city is crossed by railways: Moscow-Kiev-Budapest-Belgrade-Rome and Moscow-Kiev-Bratislava-Prague-Vienna as well as by highways: Kiev-Budapest-Vienna and Kiev-Prague.

Mukachevo developed on the left bank of the river Latoritsa with most of the population and also a railway while the industrial zone is located on south-eastern bank.

In the city there is a House of culture, Zakarpattia state Russian drama theater, City library, a historical museum, a picture gallery, a lot of professional and folk music groups.

Every year, in January, after Christmas, a home-made wine festival-contest “Chervene vino” takes place here.

Main places of interest are:

  • Palanok castle;
  • St. Nickolas convent;
  • In the center of the city there is a statue to a chimney-sweep.

Mukachevo city, Ukraine photos

Mukachevo churches

Roman Catholic church

Roman Catholic church

Author: Zoltan Boruzs

Orthodox monastery

Orthodox monastery

Author: Zoltan Boruzs

Mukachevo church view

Mukachevo church view

Author: Igor Petushkov


Mukachevo places

Mukachevo city hall

Mukachevo city hall

Author: Viktor Stinich

Mukachevo hotel

Mukachevo hotel

Author: Zoltan Boruzs


Mukachevo castle

Mukachevo castle

Mukachevo castle

Author: Csiffary Gabriella

Mukachevo castle view

Mukachevo castle view

Author: Csiffary Gabriella


The comments of our visitors

Martin
excursions

Mukachevo is a nice town and in the area are lots thing worth to visit. The best way to this is by train or bus. There are local excursion in buses but the are to expensive* and the comfort is less then in train or in public bus. They have also a problem with being on time... Martin

* i payed 150 UAH (about €15,-) and that is way to much for a country where average salaries is €150- €200 a month.


Andrea
Lovely city
We visited Ukraine in 2005-2006 for six months. Mukachevo was the prettiest city we visited. The castle has a museum and art gallery in it. For a small fee you can have a guide show you the castle and tell about its history. We had great pizza at the White Parrot.

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