Mukachevo (also spelled Mukacheve) is a city located in Zakarpattia region of Ukraine. It is an important industrial and cultural center of the region standing on the Latoritsya River.
The population - 84,000 (2012).
Phone code - +380 3131; postal code - 89600.
The settlement was probably the part of the Kievan Rus from the 9th to the 11th centuries. It was captured by Hungarians in 1018. During the 15th century, the town became an important craft and trade center of the region.
In the 16th century, Mukachevo became the part of Transylvania Principality. In 1646, first gymnasium was established there.
The town came under control of Austria as part of the Kingdom of Hungary at the end of the 18th century. It was made a fortress of the Habsburg Monarchy. During 1796-1897, Mukachevo castle was an all-European political prison.
More Historical Facts…
Carpathian Ruthenia region was occupied by Czechoslovak army in 1919. In November 1938, the territory was re-annexed by Hungary as part of the First Vienna Award.
In 1944, Jewish population of the city was deported to concentration camps of Nazi Germany.
Mukachevo was then the only town in Hungary with a Jewish majority until 1944, when all the Jews were deported to Auschwitz by the Eichmann Commando. The Hungarian Jewish community was the last Jewish community in Europe to be subjected to deportation.
The Red Army forces captured Carpathian Ruthenia region at the end of 1944. The territory became the part of the Soviet Union.
The USSR began the policy of expulsion of the Hungarian population. In 1945, the city became the part of the Ukrainian SSR.
In 2002, it has been the seat of the Roman Catholic diocese comprising Transcarpathia.
Mukachevo is the second largest and economically developed city in the region after its administrative center Uzhhorod. The city is located in the central part of Zakarpattia region, 42 km from the regional center.
Due to its very convenient location (40-50 km from the boundaries with Hungary and Slovakia and 90-100 km from the boundaries with Romania and Poland correspondingly), Mukachevo is a transportation juncture of several international ways.
The city is crossed by railways: Moscow-Kiev-Budapest-Belgrade-Rome and Moscow-Kiev-Bratislava-Prague-Vienna as well as by highways: Kiev-Budapest-Vienna and Kiev-Prague.
Mukachevo developed on the left bank of the river Latoritsa with most of the population and also a railway while the industrial zone is located on south-eastern bank.
In the city there is a House of culture, Zakarpattia state Russian drama theater, City library, a historical museum, a picture gallery, a lot of professional and folk music groups.
Every year, in January, after Christmas, a home-made wine festival-contest “Chervene vino” takes place here.
Main places of interest are:
- Palanok castle;
- St. Nickolas convent;
- In the center of the city there is a statue to a chimney-sweep.