Brody is a city located in the northeastern part of Lviv oblast of Ukraine. Brody is an important railway and road junction of the region. Also Brody is a city where Druzhba and Odessa-Brody oil pipelines join each other.
Brody has the population of about 20,000 (2012).
The phone code is +380 3266; the postal codes - 80600-80606.
For the first time Brody settlement was mentioned in 1084. In 1441, it was ruled by Polish gentleman Yan Seninsky. From 1511 - by Polish voivodes Kamenetsky. In 1584, Brody was purchased by Zholkevsky.
The king Stefan Batoriya granted him the right to found the town with the Magdeburg law and he founded the town Lyubich. But the name Lyubich existed less than 10 years and the town was again called (officially) Brody.
In 1629, Brody was passed to Stanislaw Konetspolsky who in 1629 received a position of the great hetman of the Rzeczpospolita (the third person in Poland after the king and the chancellor) and he turned Brody into his residence. According to French engineer de Bonplan’s project Brody turned into the town-fortress.
Brody was surrounded by a drop-shaped rampart with ten bastions. The defense system of the town was crowned with Brodsky castle located in western outskirts of the town. The town served as a magnificent military base of Polish during war of liberation headed by B.Khmelnitsky. It resisted Tatar-Turkish aggression in the second half of the 17th century.
After Poland was divided Brody became an Austrian territory. It was located on the boundary with the Russian Empire. From 1779 to 1880, Brody had the status of a “free trade town”. It was the second largest (after Lviv) city in Galytsiya.
Till 1918, the boundary between Austria-Hungary and Russia was located close to Brody. It was near Brody that in June 1944 SS Division “Galichina” had its first and last fight with the Red Army and was almost completely destroyed.
Brody professional school
Brody places of interest
The Great Synagogue. Choral synagogue was built in Brody in 1742. During World War II the synagogue was heavily damaged and was not restored after. Today the building is in a dilapidated condition. Address: Brody, Goncharskaya Str., 12.
Brody Castle. Hetman S. Konetspolsky built a powerful citadel in Brody in 1630-1635. The complex with a defensive wall and a system of casemates in the form of an octagon was designed by G. de Beauplan. In 1648, the stronghold withstood the siege of the troops of B. Khmelnitsky.
In the middle of the 18th century Count S. Pototsky reconstructed the castle that lost its strategic importance for his own residence. At the courtyard of the castle there is a Palace of Pototsky built in Rococo style. Today the palace is occupied by a boarding school. The excursions are conducted by the staff of Brody museum of local history. Address: Brody, Zamkovaya (Castle) Str., 1-a.
Local History Museum. The museum is located in the central square of Brody. The building was constructed in the 18th century for Catholic monastery. The seven halls of museum exhibition cover the history of the region from ancient times to the middle of the 20th century.
Also there is photo gallery presenting the attractions of the region. Panorama “Brody in the 17th-18th centuries” is worth seeing too. The exhibits about the struggle for Ukrainian independence may be of special interest. The staff of the museum offers tours to the city and Brody castle.
Address: Brody, Svobody (Liberty) Square, 5. Opening hours: 10:00-17:30 (Sunday - 10:00-16:00, break 13:00-14:00). Day off - Saturday.
Brody Gymnasium. The gymnasium was founded in 1865. The construction of the present classical style building began in 1881, and the first classes were held in 1883. During the world wars the building was used as barracks and hospital.
In the postwar period Brody school #1 was opened there. In 1997, the school was renamed after a former graduate, famous Ukrainian artist Ivan Trush and received the status of the gymnasium. There is a museum of the gymnasium there. Address: Brody, Kotsyubynsky Str., 2. Opening hours: 09:00-18:00. Days off - Saturday, Sunday.
Tyszkiewicz Palace. The elegant English-style palace was built by Countess Tyszkiewicz in 1909. The palace is standing on the shore of picturesque pond in Old Brody suburb. A small two-storey building with a colonnade is richly decorated with molding. Unfortunately original interiors were not preserved. Address: Brody, Nizkaya Str., 15.
Brody famous people monument
Nativity Church. The church of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary has been the main Orthodox church of Brody over the centuries. Presumably the church was founded in the 16th century. It is believed that the first wooden church was built in 1600.
Stone church was rebuilt in 1749, and in the 19th century the tower clock appeared in the bell-tower. During the world wars the church was not damaged, and in Soviet times it was the only active church in Brody. Address: Brody, I. Franko Str., 14.
Church of St. Yur. The church is an outstanding building in the style of Galician folk architecture built in the early 17th century. The church was renovated in 1867. Beautiful iconostasis in the Rococo style can be found inside. Address: Brody, Russkaya (Russian) Str.
Among the other attractions are architectural ensembles in Zolotaya and Maidan Svoboda streets; former court, 1910 (currently Brody teacher’s training college named after M.Shashkevich); public house (early 20th century); villas and palaces of early 20th century.
Interesting facts about Brody
At the end of March 1915, the Russian Emperor Nicholas II inspected Galitsynsky general-governorship. On March 27th, 1915, he visited Brody and Lviv.
Wide-spread Jewish last name Brodsky derives from the town of Brody. Well-known writer Isaac Babel’s ancestors came from Brody.
Hotel “Europe”. It a small comfy two-storeyed hotel located in the center of Brody. Main services: restaurant (Ukrainian and European cuisine), cafe-bar, parking. Address: Brody, Yuridika Str., 9. Contact phones: +380 3266 2 60 35, +380 3266 2 70 35.
Hotel “Tsentralnaya”. The hotel is located near the railway station of Brody. There is a parking. Address: Brody, Zheleznodorozhnaya Str., 17. Contact phone: +380 3266 4 20 60.