Drohobych (also spelled Drogobych, Drogobich, Drohobich) is a city located in Lviv region of Ukraine.
The city is standing at the confluence of the Seret and the Tysmenytsia rivers about 90 km from Lviv by highway.
Population - 98,000 (2013).
Area code - +380 3244; postal codes - 82100-82119.
The first mentioning of the settlement was in Lviv records in 1387. In 1392, the construction of the first Latin Catholic church began on the foundations of ancient Ruthenian buildings. The town received Magdeburg right in the 15th century. That time, it was a significant center of salt industry.
The town was captured by Cossacks during the Khmelnytsky Uprising in 1648. A lot of Poles, Uniates and Jews were killed. Austria received Drohobych after the partition of Poland in 1772. It became a large center of oil and natural gas industries after discovery of oil and natural gas resources in the region.
The region became the part of Poland again after the World War I. Ukrainian private gymnasium was opened in 1928. The population of the town was about 40,000 at the end of 1920th. The city had one of the largest oil refinery (Polmin) in Europe.
The territories of Poland were divided between Nazi Germany and the USSR in September, 1939. Drohobych region was attached to the USSR.
The town was captured by Nazi Germany army soon after beginning of the war against the USSR in July, 1941. That time, the city had large Jewish community. A ghetto was formed and later, in June 1943, it was liquidated by Nazis.
The city had the status of regional center after the World War II until 1959 when the area became the part of Lviv region of the Ukrainian SSR.
Drohobych was playing an important role in Ukrainian economy during the Soviet times because of developed food, light, machine building, oil-refining and woodworking industries.
The Roman Catholic Church of St. Bartholomew. The church was built by the order of Polish King Wladyslaw Jagiello in 1392, but consecrated only in 1511. Massive Gothic building was constructed on the site of the palace of Galicia-Volyn principality. A defensive tower located nearby was used as a bell tower of the church.
Over the centuries, the building was reconstructed several times. In Soviet times, it was used as a warehouse. Today, the church belongs to the Roman Catholic community of the city. Wall paintings of the 19th century are preserved in the interiors. Shevchenko Street, 1.
The Church of St. Yur. The wooden church of St. Yur is one of the most beautiful works of Galician folk architecture. It was built at the end of 15th - early 16th century.
The church was brought to Drohobych from the Precarpathian village Nadeevo in 1656 and mounted in the place of the burnt one. In 1678, the bell tower was built. The interior is painted with magnificent frescos of S. Meditskiy, an old carved iconostasis is preserved.
The church was restored several times, but it didn’t lose its original appearance. Today, the part of local history museum collection is exhibited there. Another part of the exhibition is located in a nearby wooden Church of Exaltation of the Holy Cross (1613). Solyoniy Stavok, 25. Opening hours: 9:00-18:00 (Friday-Sunday - 9:00-17:00), day off - Wednesday.
The Church of Exaltation of the Holy Cross. This wooden church is considered one of the best buildings constructed in the style of Galician folk architecture. The church was founded in the 16th century. But, in 1661, after reconstruction, it lost its initial appearance.
Paintings of the 17th century and unique pieces of iconography of the 15th-18th centuries are preserved. The church is located in the Zvarychy district of the city, on the territory of the fire station. Nearby, there is a wooden belfry of the 17th century. Zvaritskaya Street, 9.
The Trinity Cathedral. The cathedral of the Blessed Trinity was built in baroque style in 1690-1709 as a Catholic church of the monastery of Carmelites. In 1808, the church moved to Basilians and was consecrated as the Greek-Catholic Church of the Holy Trinity.
In 1909, an iconostasis was installed. In the 30s of the 20th century, the walls were painted by I. Bal. In recent years, the cathedral was completely renovated. Truskavetskaya Street, 2.
Drohobych city architecture
Other places of interest
The Choral Synagogue. It was the largest synagogue in Eastern Galicia, built in 1842-1865 years for the large Jewish community of Drohobych that played an important role in the economic life of the city.
After the Second World War, it was used as a salt warehouse, then a furniture store. Currently, the building is in dilapidated condition. Different reconstruction projects are discussed. Stryiskaya Street.
The Drohobych Tower. The tower is the oldest surviving building of the early medieval period. Strong stone and wooden fortifications were built there in the 13th century during the Galicia-Volyn principality. In the 16th century, a monumental Roman Catholic church of St. Bartholomew was built on the territory of the castle, and the tower was used as its bell tower.
In the 19th century, all other fortifications were dismantled, the bell tower received the third level with arched windows. In front of the tower, there is a monument to the medieval scholar Yu. Drohobych. He was a rector of Bologna University and a teacher of N. Copernicus. Shevchenko Street, 1.
Drohobychina Museum. The museum of local history is located in a building constructed in 1894. The exhibition is based on collections of Count Lyantskoronskiy, Hirovskaya Jesuit School and Samborski museum.
In 2001, the museum received paintings of the writer and artist B. Schultz, who was born and lived in the city. I. Franko Street, 32. Opening hours: 10:00-18:00, day off - Wednesday.
The Theater of Music and Drama, the Bruno Schultz Museum, the Philharmonic Society, the Monastery of St. Peter and St. Paul are among the other attractions of the city.
Hotel “Drohobych”. This tourist complex is located in the very center of the city. Main services: cafe-bar, sauna, beauty salon, parking. Shevchenko Street, 1. Contact phones: +380 3244 2 00 49, +380 3244 3 58 84.
Hotel “Lemon”. The hotel is located at the entrance to Drohobych from Truskavets. Main services: restaurant (Ukrainian cuisine), sauna, pool, gym, parking, excursions. Kozlovskiy Street, 1. Contact phones: +380 3244 1 02 62, +380 3244 1 02 72.