Feodosia (Feodosiya)

The city of Crimea republic.

Feodosia overview

Feodosia (also spelled Feodosiya, Theodosia, Feodosiia) is a sea port and a resort city located on the coast of the Black Sea, in the Crimea.

Population - 69,000 (2014).

Feodosia city flag

Feodosia city flag

Feodosia city coat of arms

Feodosia city coat of arms

Feodosia city map location


Feodosia history

It was founded by Greek colonists in the 6th century BC. The settlement was named Theodosia. The surrounding area had rich agricultural lands. Theodosia was destroyed by Huns in the 4th century AD. During the next nine hundred years, Theodosia was a small village.

In 1230, like the rest of the Crimean peninsula, the settlement was captured by Mongols. That time, the village had the name Caffa or Kaffa. At the end of the 13th century, the settlement was bought by Genoa merchants to increase their trade opportunities in the Black Sea region. In 1475, the town was captured by the Ottoman Empire and was named Kefe.

In 1783, the Russian Empire captured the Crimean peninsula and the original name of the city was returned in its Russian version - Feodosia. During the World War II, the city was captured by the Nazi Germany forces two times.

Feodosia features

Climate

Local climate is of moderate continental type with very mild winters and warm (quite often hot) summers.

Average temperature is 11,9 degrees Celsius above zero, it is the lowest (0,9 degrees C above zero) in January and the highest in July (23,4 degrees C above zero).

Resort city

Resorts and sea transportation make up a basis of current economics of the city. It is a climatic and spa resort. Beside tourism and transportation, the economy is based on wine-making, food, light industries, machine-building, agriculture and fishery.

The city has a lot of beaches, mineral springs, mud baths. It is well known for its sanatoriums.

Feodosia is not a big place. A lot of cafes and restaurants of the city are closed during off-season time. The season starts from June and the high season is during July and August. Almost all of the tourists are from the former Soviet Union republics.

The city is known as the place where famous Russian seascape painter Ivan Aivazovsky lived and worked all his life. Feodosia is the birth place of Russian aviation. There is a mountain named “Planernaya” which is still used for paragliding.

Feodosia places

Feodosia railway station

Feodosia railway station

Author: Sotnikov

Feodosia hotel

Feodosia hotel

Author: Antonov Konstantin

Feodosia movie theater

Feodosia movie theater

Author: Antonov Konstantin


Feodosia attractions

Feodosia, being 26 centuries old, managed to preserve not so many ancient buildings.

The walls of Genoa towers have traces of wars. Towers and fortress walls, the gates of the citadel and the bridge are the architectural monuments of the 14th-15th centuries, heritage of the Genoa period in the town history.

Historical Armenian and Greek churches date back to the same period. The period of the Ottoman Empire left its traces: a barbakan at St. Konstantin tower, a mosque and several Turkish steam-houses.

The town grew rapidly in the last quarter of the 19th century and the first 15 years of the 20th century. When it became possible to arrive there by train and passenger ships, it was visited by the richest trade families of the Russian Empire and by intelligentsia.

In this period, the following buildings were constructed:

  • Aivazovsky Picture Gallery (the complex consisting of original gallery of Aivazovsky, the artist’s house and his sister’s house);
  • Villas on Aivazovsky Prospect;
  • The Museum of Local Study;
  • “Astoria” hotel;
  • The Hydro- and Meteorological Center;
  • The Bank on Gorky Street;
  • The Financial Academy;
  • The House of Fleet Officers.

A number of these buildings are preserved partly. The hydro- and meteorological center and the bank on Gorky Street were changed greatly during reconstruction.

Aivazovsky fountain, constructed in 1888, at the artist’s expenses and by his own design is worth seeing. Also, there are several monuments referring to the Second World War period.

Feodosia museums

  • The Picture Gallery named after I.K.Aivazovsky - the largest collection of Aivazovsky’s works in the world;
  • The Museum of Local History - opened in 1811, it was the oldest provincial museum in the Russian Empire;
  • The Literary and Memorial Museum of Alexander Green;
  • The Museum of the Sculptor V.I.Mukhina;
  • The Museum of Delta Planes;
  • The Museum of Money.

Feodosia city, Ukraine photos

Feodosia remains of the past

Feodosia ancient church

Feodosia ancient church

Author: Sotnikov

Feodosia ancient church

Feodosia ancient church

Author: Wolodymyr Lawrynenko

Feodosia fortress

Feodosia fortress

Author: Mikhail Gorodetsky


Feodosia sights

Aivazovsky museum in Feodosia

Aivazovsky museum in Feodosia

Author: Averenkov

Feodosia mosque

Feodosia mosque

Author: Cherepanov Timofey

St. Ekaterina church

St. Ekaterina church

Author: Sergey Ashmarin


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