Donetsk region overview
Donetsk oblast (region) was established on July 17, 1932. The region is located in the southeastern part of Ukraine. Donetsk is the capital city with the population of about 969 thousand people.
The population - 4,382,000 (2012).
Land area - 26,517 sq. km.
Donetsk region info
Donetsk region makes up 4.4% of the territory of Ukraine. The population constitutes 10% of the whole Ukraine, including 3,958 thousand urban people and 424 thousand rural people (9.7%). The density of the population is about 165 people per sq. km.
Donetsk province borders on Rostov region of Russia. In the south, the region is washed by the Azov Sea.
The region stretches 240 km from north to south, 170 km from west to east. The distance from Donetsk province center to the capital city of Ukraine by railway is 871 km, by roads - 693 km.
Mineral resources available in the region abound in almost all components of periodic system. The largest deposits of iron ore have been explored close to Mariupol. Donetsk region has large deposits of coal, its explored reserves make up 9.9 billion tons, including 5.7 billion tons of coke coal.
The region includes 28 towns, 23 district centers, 134 urban villages and 1,124 villages. Donetsk region main cities and towns: Donetsk, Mariupol, Makeevka, Gorlovka, Kramatorsk, Slavyansk, Enakievo.
Donetsk region nature
Donetsk region nature view
Donetsk province landscape
Donetsk region economy
Industry: extremely powerful metallurgical production, heavy machine-building and coal mining; other major industrial branches are also present.
Agriculture: grains, sugar beets, potatoes, vegetables, sunflowers; cattle and poultry farming.
There are several heavy-engineering works in Donetsk region producing mainly mining equipment, refrigerators are also manufactured.