Zaporozhye region overview
Zaporozhye (Zaporizhia) region is located in the southeastern part of Ukraine. A strategic location of the province is emphasized by its equal distance from European and Asian markets. The capital city is Zaporozhye.
The population - 1,788,000 (2012).
Land area - 27,180 sq. km.
Zaporozhye region history
In the 7th century B.C., the Scythians possessed this territory. In the 4th century A.D., these lands were occupied by the Guns, in the 6th century - by the Avars, in the 8th century - by the Khazars. After prince Svyatoslav Igorevich defeated Khazar kaganate in 969, tribes of the Pechenegs substituted them.
From the 11th century, the Azov area was occupied by the Polovets. In the early 12th century, Russian princes united on the island Khortitsa and defeated the Polovets’ army on the banks of the river Molochnaya.
In June 1223, a famous battle on the Kalka took place, Russian princes were defeated, a part of population of Azov area steppes was passed to the Golden Horde and the Crimean khanate.
In the late 15th century, Cossack movement came into being, the island Khortitsa turned into a center of Cossack army and the Ukrainian independence. The industrial development of the region began in the first half of the 19th century, when factories processing the agricultural raw were formed.
Zaporozhskaya oblast was formed in 1939 out of south-eastern part of Dnepropetrovsk oblast with Zaporozhye city as its center.
Zaporozhye region nature
Zaporozhye beautiful nature
Zaporozhye province nature
Zaporozhye region features
Zaporozhye region area makes 4.5% of that of Ukraine. It stretches for 208 km from the north to the south and for 235 km from the east to the west.
Southern part of the province is washed by the Azov Sea (300 km shoreline). The Dnieper, the European third longest river, an important transport waterway, flows in Zaporozhye region territory. The province is characterized by plain landscape.
Residents of the province make over 4% of total population of Ukraine. The urban population is about 1,300,000 and the rural 488,000. Zaporozhye region is highly urbanized. City residents make over 75% of population, 57% of the region population reside in three largest cities: Zaporozhye, Melitopol and Berdyansk.
Climatic conditions are maximally favorable for development of agriculture, recreation, health resort rest and tourism.
Zaporozhye region includes 20 districts, 5 regional subordination and 9 district subordination towns, 23 town type settlements and 920 villages.
Zaporozhye region economy
Industry: highly developed ferrous and non-ferrous metallurgy, energy generation, heavy machine-building, production of transportation machinery.