Zaporozhye region overview
Zaporozhye region is located in the south-eastern part of Ukraine. Strategic location of the province is emphasized by its equal distance from European and Asian markets. Zaporozhye is the capital city.
Population (2014) - 1,774,000 (3.9%, 7th place).
Land area - 27,180 sq. km. (4.5%, 9th place).
Zaporozhye region history
In the 7th century B.C., the Scythians possessed this territory. In the 4th century A.D., these lands were occupied by the Guns, in the 6th century - by the Avars, in the 8th century - by the Khazars. After prince Svyatoslav Igorevich defeated the Khazar Kaganate in 969, the Pechenegs tribes substituted them.
From the 11th century, the Azov area was occupied by the Polovets. In the early 12th century, Russian princes united on Khortitsa Island and defeated the Polovets’ army on the banks of the Molochnaya River.
In June 1223, the battle on the Kalka took place, Russian princes were defeated, the Azov area steppes passed to the Golden Horde and the Crimean Khanate.
In the late 15th century, Cossack movement came into being, Khortitsa Island turned into a center of Cossack army. It was the beginning of independent Ukrainian state.
During the Russian-Turkish wars of the 18th century, the territory of Zaporozhye region became the part of the Russian Empire.
The industrial development of the region began in the first half of the 19th century, when factories processing agricultural raw were built.
Zaporozhskaya oblast was formed in 1939, out of the south-eastern part of Dnepropetrovsk oblast.
Zaporozhye region nature
Zaporozhye beautiful nature
Zaporozhye province nature
Zaporozhye region features
The climate is temperate continental. The average temperatures: summer - plus 22 degrees Celsius, winter - minus 4,5 degrees Celsius. Climatic conditions are favorable for development of agriculture, recreation, health resort rest and tourism.
Zaporozhye region stretches for 208 km from north to south, and for 235 km from east to west.
The southern part is washed by the Azov Sea (300 km shoreline). The Dnieper, the European third longest river, an important transport waterway, flows through Zaporozhye region territory. The province is characterized by plain landscape.
Zaporozhye region is highly urbanized. City residents make over 75% of the population, 57% of the region population reside in three largest cities: Zaporozhye, Melitopol, and Berdyansk.
Zaporozhye region includes 20 districts, 14 cities and towns, 22 urban villages and 870 villages.
Zaporozhye region economy
Industry: highly developed ferrous and non-ferrous metallurgy, energy generation, heavy machine-building, production of transportation machinery.
Zaporozhye region is the flagship of the Ukrainian electric power industry producing about 25% of Ukraine’s electricity.
This oblast is one of the largest producers of agricultural and food industry products among all the regions of Ukraine. The total area of agricultural lands is about 2,240 thousand hectares (5.4% of all agricultural lands in Ukraine).