Lugansk region overview
Lugansk (Luhansk) oblast is located in the southwestern part of Ukraine, in the basin of the middle Seversky Donets River, on the ways from Donbas to Russia. Lugansk is the formal capital city of the region.
Population (2014) - 2,233,000 (5th place).
Land area - 26,684 sq. km. (4.42%, 10th place).
The recent history of Lugansk region
In 2014, during the protests that took place in the region, governmental buildings were seized and the Lugansk People’s Republic was proclaimed.
May 11, 2014, a referendum about republic’s independence was held. Its legitimacy was not recognized by Ukraine, the EU and the US said that it was illegal.
The territory of the region became the site of fighting between the Ukrainian armed forces and the people protecting the self-proclaimed republic.
At the moment, the conflict is not resolved and the future of this territory remains unclear.
In October 2014, the regional administration was moved from Lugansk, uncontrolled by Ukrainian authorities, to Severodonetsk.
Lugansk region nature
Lugansk province landscape
Lugansk region features
The climate is temperate continental. The average temperature of the warmest month (July) is plus 21 degrees Celsius, of the coldest month (January) - minus 7 degrees Celsius.
Winter is relatively cold, with strong eastern and south-eastern winds, frosts. Summer is hot, the second half is noticeably dry. Autumn is sunny, warm and dry.
Lugansk oblast territory stretches for 250 km from south to north, and for 190 km from west to east.
Its borders coincide with Ukrainian frontiers in the north, east and south, and thus it is in the immediate neighborhood of Russia.
The population of the province makes about 4.9% of that of Ukraine. It is the fifth most populated region of the country.
Lugansk oblast has high population density, about 85 people per sq. km. The population includes 104 nationalities, mainly Ukrainians (about 50%) and Russians (about 40%).
The region includes 18 rural districts; 37 cities and towns (14 cities of regional subordination and 23 towns of district subordination), 109 urban villages and 787 villages.
There are a lot of reserves and natural monuments in the region.
Lugansk region economy
The economic and geographical position of Lugansk region is advantageous, since it is located within the well established territory with economically developed neighbors.
Among the positive traits are a well-developed rail network; close proximity to important raw areas (Dnieper region, Northern Caucasus and Black Earth region of Russia) and major industrial areas and centers (Kharkov, industrial centers of Russia, Rostov-on-Don).
The region has developed coal mining (Donbass), metallurgy, heavy machinery, chemical industry and agriculture.
Kharkov - Volgograd (Russia) railway and highway pass through the region.
There are gas pipelines from Stavropol and Orenburg, oil pipelines from the Volga region and North Caucasus.
As a result of the armed conflict, industrial production in the autumn of 2014 decreased by about 85 percent, many businesses closed because of the disruption of traditional economic relations and shelling.