Alchevsk (former Voroshilovsk, Kommunarsk) is a city located in Luhansk region of Ukraine. It is situated on the distance of about 45 km from Luhansk.
The city is one of the largest industrial centers of Donbas producing about 25% of all the region production.
Major industries are metallurgical and coke. Also building materials, electro-mechanical, construction, light and food industries are well-developed. Main enterprises are OJSC “Alchevsk Iron&Steel Works” and “Alchevsk Coke-Chemical Plant”.
The population - 111,000 (2012).
Phone code - +380 6442; postal codes - 94200-94299.
Alchevsk was named after its founder - famous Ukrainian manufacturer, businessman, banker and patron of art Alexey Kirillovich Alchevsky. It was founded as a workers’ settlement in the mid 90s of the 19th century due to construction of metallurgic plant close to station Yuryevka (now station Kommunarsk), Yekaterininskaya railway.
Donetsk-Yuryevsky plant (Alchevsk group of metallurgical plants now) was founded by Ukrainian manufacturer, banker and merchant Alexey Kirillovich Alchevsky. At that time, the plant founded by him was the only metallurgical plant in Ukraine.
During economic crisis of the early 20th century, A.K. Alchevsky was unable to compete with foreign companies located in Donbass. After Tsar government refused to grant him a loan, he committed suicide throwing himself under the train at Tsarskoselsky railway station in St. Petersburg. It was May 7, 1901. After his death the plant shares went down and passed to French-Belgian companies.
Due to Russian manufactures’ request, the station Yuryevka was renamed into Alchevskoye in 1903. The same name was given to the workers’ settlement which gradually turned into a town.
In 1932, the name and status of the town changed again - it was named Voroshilovsk, after Soviet statesman K.Ye. Voroshilov who started his career and revolutionary activities in the town. Further on, from 1957 to 1961, the city was renamed several times Voroshilovsk-Alchevsk. From 1961 to 1991, the town was called Kommunarsk.
After Ukrainian independence was declared, the population of the city voted for the old historic name - Alchevsk during the city referendum on December 1, 1991.
The city provides the passenger traffic by trolley-buses, buses and minibuses.
Historically the trolleybus takes the central place in passenger traffic of Alchevsk. In the late 1990s, private buses and minibuses began to operate in the city too. The routes of buses and minibuses almost completely copy the routes of trolleybuses. Sometimes, there are some minor additions and variations.
Alchevsk was the first city in Luhansk region having trolleybus (1954). And to this day, the trolleybus network of the city remains one of the best in the region and Ukraine.
The routes of Alchevsk trolleybuses:
- №1 - District №58 - Chemicals plant
- №3 - Railway Station - Bus Station
- №4 - Depot №2 - Mill
- №5 - AZSK - ZhBI №11
- №6 - Metallurgists Avenue - Chemicals plant
- №8 - District #58 - Railway Station
- №9 - Volgograd Street - Mill
- №10 - Railway Station - Administrativny village
- №11 - Volgograd Street - Chemicals plant
Commuter traffic is mainly produced by buses. Alchevsk bus station is located in the Central Market area.
Also, there are minibuses to Bryanka and Stakhanov cities (from Gorky Street near Central Market); buses and minibuses to Isakovskoye reservoir (from Metallurgists Avenue ring road and Hmyrya Street)
Long distance transport
Alchevsk Train Station - Kommunarsk station of Donetsk railway.
Alchevsk Bus Station - regular buses to Dnipropetrovsk, Donetsk, Zaporizhia, Luhansk, Kyiv, Severodonetsk, Kharkiv, Rostov-on-Don (Russia) and others.
Minibuses to Luhansk (from Metallurgists Avenue ring road and Gorky Street near Central Market).
Minibuses to Donetsk (from Hmyrya Street ring road).
Heliport next to the management building of OJSC “Alchevsk Iron&Steel Works”.
Alchevsk palace of culture
Alchevsk on its geographic location refers to a settlement, with a temperate climate, so the city is rich in greenery, plants, flowers. In these climatic conditions a lot of varieties of such trees as oak, chestnut, maple, poplar and aspen are growing well. The city has special gardening service.
The club attraction is cultural and entertainment center “PartyZone”. The city has two stadiums, cinemas, libraries, museums, cultural centers and other entertainment complexes.
The pride of the city is Alchevsk Palace of Culture of Metallurgists hosting various cultural events that take place during the holidays. Such folk art groups as “Metallurg”, “Impulse”, “South metallurgist”, “Circus Group”, “Chorus of the folk song”, “Vocal Group”, “Ensemble of Folk Instruments” perform there.
Local history museum. The museum was established in 1970 on a voluntary basis. In 1982, it received national status and became a department of Luhansk regional museum of local history.
The exposition is located in several rooms on the total area of 400 square meters. The museum has about 7,000 exhibits, the collection is continually growing.
Museum of metallurgical plant history. The museum of history of Alchevsk Iron and Steel Works was opened in 1966. It has a number of documents, photographs and other exhibits about different periods in the history of the plant. In 1973, the museum was awarded the title of National Museum.
Museum of geology and mineralogy.
Museum of coke chemical plant history.
Museum of university history.
- Protection of the Mother of God church,
- George the Conqueror church, built in honor of the 2000th anniversary of the birth of Christ and the 55th anniversary of the victory over Nazi Germany,
- St. Nicholas cathedral. In 2008, the cathedral celebrated its bicentennial anniversary.
Other places of interest
- Lenin Square
- Color-light fountain near Palace of Culture of Chemists
- 30th Anniversary of Victory Square
- Monument at Victory Square. Self-propelled gun SU-100 (local people also call it “The Tank”)
- Stella (“Spire”), established in honor of the 20th anniversary of Victory (near Palace of Culture of Chemists)
- Soviet Square
- Limansky ponds
- To the east of the city, in Perevalsk District, Isakovsky reservoir is located.
Hotel “Sport”. Lipovenko Street, 14a. Contact phone: +380 6442 53394.
Hotel “Yubileynaya”. Kirov Street, 15. Contact phones: +380 6442 23320, +380 6442 21021. Fax: +380 6442 27726.
Hotel “Stal”. Gorky Street, 8. Contact phone: +380 6442 73509.
Hotel “Metallurg”. Lenin Street, 73a. Contact phone: +380 6442 51262.