Lugansk city, Ukraine (Luhansk)

The capital city of Lugansk oblast.

Lugansk overview

Lugansk or Luhansk is a city located in the east of Ukraine, on the Lugan River. Since April 2014, the city is controlled by the self-proclaimed Lugansk People’s Republic and is considered by it as the capital. Today, the actual administrative center of the Lugansk region is Severodonetsk.

The population of Lugansk is about 440,000 (2016), the area - 269 sq. km.

Lugansk city flag

Lugansk city flag

Lugansk city coat of arms

Lugansk city coat of arms

Lugansk city map location


The Lugansk People’s Republic

In 2014, during the protests that took place in the Lugansk region, governmental buildings were seized and the Lugansk People’s Republic was proclaimed. May 11, 2014, the referendum about the republic’s independence was held. Its legitimacy was not recognized by Ukraine, the EU and US consider it illegal.

The territory of the Lugansk region became a place of armed conflict between the armed forces of Ukraine and the people protecting the self-proclaimed republic.

Today, the conflict is not resolved and the future of this region remains unclear. It is not recommended to visit Lugansk because it is very unsafe, especially for foreigners.

Citizens of Ukraine who remain in this territory have to leave the conflict zone to obtain official documents. To leave/enter the conflict zone, a special pass is required, it is issued free of charge.

Lugansk streets

Lugansk street view

Lugansk street view

Author: Alexander Byelkin

Lugansk city street

Lugansk city street

Author: Alexander Byelkin

Drugstore in Lugansk

Drugstore in Lugansk

Author: Alexander Byelkin


Lugansk history

In 1795, Catherine II signed a decree on founding a cast iron mill - the first in the south of the Russian Empire. It was constructed in the Lugan River valley and a settlement was founded nearby.

In 1797, the settlement was called Lugansky plant. Specialists and workers were recruited from the inner Russian regions and partly from abroad. In 1800, the first blast-furnace of Lugansky canon foundry produced cast iron.

In 1812, during the war against Napoleon, the plant became one of the main suppliers of canons and ammunition for the Russian army. In the early 19th century, its favorable location promoted the development of trade.

In the mid 70s of the 19th century, the railway was constructed. In 1882, the town of Lugansk was founded on the basis of Lugansky settlement. In 1896, the German businessman Gustav Hartman began the construction of a large plant to produce steam engines. The equipment was brought from Germany. In 1900, the first steam engine left the town.

In the early 20th century, it was a large industrial center. There were 16 plants and factories, 6 Orthodox churches, a synagogue, a Polish Rome-Catholic church, and a Lutheran church in the town. The first church was built in Kamennye Brody in 1761 - a wooden Petropavlovskaya church. In 1792-1795, it was replaced by a stone church. This is the only church preserved until today.

In 1926, the population of Lugansk was about 77,000. In 1931, the first in the USSR heavy cargo steam engine of “Felix Dzherdzhinsky” series was produced in Lugansk. In 1935, the city was renamed Voroshilovgrad, in honor of Kliment Yefremovich Voroshilov - a prominent Soviet military officer and politician during the Stalin era.

In 1956, the population was over 250,000. In 1958, the historical name “Lugansk” was returned to the city. In 1970, it was again renamed into Voroshilovgrad after the Voroshilov’s death (1969). In 1972, the football team “Zarya” (Voroshilovgrad) became the champion of the USSR for the first and the last time. It was the first USSR champion from the city, which was not the capital of the Soviet republic.

In 1990, the original name was returned to the city again.

Lugansk features and sights

Heavy engineering dominated by huge diesel-locomotive works is a major branch of local industry. Steel tubes, coal-mining equipment, spare parts for motor vehicles, and precision instruments are also produced in Lugansk.

The city has a teacher-training, medical, agricultural, and machine-building universities.

Lugansk is the most eastern regional center of Ukraine. The lowest (-41.9 degrees Celsius) and highest (+42.0 degrees Celsius) temperatures observed in Ukraine were recorded in this city.

The city is characterized by a steppe climate. Summers are often hot. The average temperature in July is plus 23.3 degrees Celsius. The average temperature in January is minus 3.7 degrees Celsius.

Museums

Local History Museum - one of the oldest museums in Donbass. Seven exhibits are devoted to the history of the region from ancient times to the present day. Nearby, you can see two British tanks Mark-5 “Ricardo” of the World War I time and an old gun. Shevchenko Street, 2. Opening hours: 9:00-17:00. Days off: Monday, Tuesday.

Tanks Mark-5. Two unique British tanks Mark-5 (Mark V) “Ricardo” - part of the memorial complex “The Monument to Revolutionary Fighters”. Both tanks were produced in the UK in 1917-1918. During the Russian Civil War, the tanks were used by Denikin’s troops. They were captured by the Red Army and became the basis of its first tank brigade.

In 1938, on the initiative of the Defense Commissar Voroshilov, the tanks were transferred to several cities of the USSR, in particular to Lugansk. The tanks were used as historical monuments of the Civil War. Also, there is one preserved tank in Kharkiv. In 2009, they were renovated and returned to their places. Shevchenko Street, 2.

Museum of the History of Lugansk. The museum was founded in 1980 as a museum of Kliment Voroshilov, after whom the city was named in Soviet times. The main exhibition is devoted to the development of the city in the 19th century. At the entrance, there is an exhibition of old cannons made at Lugansk foundry. Karl Marx Street, 30. Opening hours: 9:00-16:30. Days off: Saturday, Sunday.

Museum of Art. The museum, opened in 1920, is located in the former house of industrialists Venderovich (1876), on one of the oldest streets in the city. There are about 8 thousand exhibits of domestic and foreign art of the 16th-20th centuries: paintings, sculptures, decorative and applied arts. Paintings of Italian, French, Flemish, and Dutch artists of the 16th-18th centuries are especially valuable. Pochtovaya Street, 3. Opening hours: 9:00-17:00. Days off: Monday, Tuesday.

House-Museum of Vladimir Dal - a small one-story house, where the outstanding writer and lexicographer V. Dal was born in 1801. In 1986, the house became a museum. The exhibits presented in five rooms of the museum are devoted to life and work of the author of “Explanatory Dictionary of the Russian Language”. Nearby, you can find a monument to Dal (1981). Dal Street, 12. Opening hours: 9:00-16:00. Days off: Sunday, Monday.

Lugansk pictures

Lugansk architecture

Lugansk architecture

Author: Alexander Byelkin

Lugansk scenery

Lugansk scenery

Author: Alexander Byelkin

Lugansk Railway Station

Lugansk Railway Station

Author: Alexander Byelkin


Churches

St. Vladimir Cathedral. The cathedral was founded in 1993 and consecrated in 2006. Today, it is the largest cult construction of south-eastern Ukraine. The cathedral can accommodate up to 3 thousand believers. Built on a high open area, this majestic building can be seen from afar. Plekhanov Street, 44.

St. Peter and St. Paul Cathedral - the oldest building in Lugansk constructed in 1792-1796. 2nd Kooperativniy Street, 12.

St. Alexander Nevsky Church. The church was built on the territory of University Park in 2000-2003. Budenniy Street.

Other places of interest

Park of Stone Statues. This park-museum has one of the largest collections of stone statues of the 11th-12th centuries in Ukraine. The museum is located on the territory of the Lugansk National University. The statues are the sculptures of 1-4 meters height, depicting warriors (sometimes women).

The statues were originally placed on the mounds of ancient peoples: Scythians, Polovtsians, etc. These are the only remains of monumental art of long-extinct nomadic peoples lived in what is now known as the Lugansk region. Oboronnaya Street, 2.

Monument to Prince Igor. The monument is located in the village of Stanichno-Luganskoye (north-eastern suburb of the city). It was opened for the 65th anniversary of the formation of the region.

14-meter statue of the prince was placed on a high hill above the highway Lugansk - Shirokiy. It is planned to create a historical and cultural complex in this area.

Ostraya Mogila. This memorial is dedicated to the Civil War (1919) and the Second World War.

Lugansk city, Ukraine photos

Lugansk places

"Druzhba" hotel in Lugansk

Author: Danilo Chiappini

Mark-5 tanks in Lugansk

Mark-5 tanks in Lugansk

Author: Alexander Byelkin

T-34 tank in Lugansk

T-34 tank in Lugansk

Author: Alexander Byelkin


Lugansk sights

Local History Museum in Lugansk

Local History Museum in Lugansk

Author: Valeriy Dudush

World War II memorial in Lugansk

World War II memorial in Lugansk

Author: Ivanov Roman

Holodomor (Famine) memorial in Lugansk

Holodomor (Famine) memorial in Lugansk

Author: Alexander Basov


Places of interest in Lugansk

Memorial to Chernobyl disaster fighters in Lugansk

Memorial to Chernobyl disaster fighters in Lugansk

Author: Alexander Byelkin

St. Alexander Nevsky Church in Lugansk

St. Alexander Nevsky Church in Lugansk

Author: Andrey Belyavsky

St. Vladimir Cathedral in Lugansk

St. Vladimir Cathedral in Lugansk

Author: Golodok Andrey


The questions of our visitors

Johnson asks: How difficult is it and how much does it cost for a local to travel from Lugansk to Kiev? Does it require a permission and how expensive is that?
Expert's answer:

People living in the conflict zone, including Lugansk, can leave it but they need to get special passes. They are issued for free online. There are regular buses running from Lugansk to Kyiv, the price is about 20-30 USD.

As we receive a lot of similar requests, our advice is not to send any help to a person in Ukraine, especially in the Donetsk and Lugansk regions, before you are absolutely sure that this person is real (at least talk to this person several times via Skype with a webcam turned on or better meet this person in Ukraine). Otherwise you are doing it on your risk.

Larry asks: I am traveling from Kiev to Lugansk. Which is safer and more comfortable the train or the bus or a better way? How safe is this town now? Will be there in September.
Expert's answer:
As of September 2018, Lugansk is not under control of Ukrainian officials, so visiting it requires a special permission issued by the Security Service of Ukraine, and it is unlikely they will easily give one to a foreigner. Also it is very risky to go there, especially for foreigners, as it is a "grey zone" where everything can happen. So I would not recommend even trying to go there.
Octavio Paredes asks: What is the distance between Luhansk and the Russian border? And what is the distance between Luhansk and Moscow?
Expert's answer:
The distance from Luhansk to the Russian border is about 60 km, the distance between Luhansk and Moscow is about 990 km.

The comments of our visitors

Peter Randall
Lugansk
I have visited Lugansk many times (5 times during 2013). I find the people kind and helpful. The various foods and hotels are both tasty and welcoming. Plenty of parks and things to see, beautiful women, all in all I would recommend a visit!!

Wayne
Your site
I like your page on Lugansk. It is very informative and easy to read. I especially like the ask the expert feature. Thanks

Traveller
Lugansk Website
Great job on the website, and thanks for the info. I will come to Lugansk and check it out!

Shrihari Y
Lugansk
Very good information about Lugansk. I like to travel and like to know about new places, during my student days in former Soviet Union I wanted to visit Voroshilovgrad now Lugansk, but could not do so. Hope to visit this city some time. Best Wishes to the people of Lugansk. Shrihari Yeldandi

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