Melitopol (former Kyzyl-Yar, Novoaleksandrovka) is a city of Zaporozhye region of Ukraine. It is standing on the Molochnaya (Milk) river. There is a railway station in the city.
The population - 157,000 (2012).
Phone code - +380 619(2); postal code - 72300.
The first record of this area refers to 1524 and that time it was not inhabited. But the Tatars pastured their horse in the river Molochnaya valley.
This area was inhabited during the Russian-Turkish war of 1768-1774. In 1783, the Crimea and its northern surroundings were joined to Russia. Peasants, former soldiers from all over the Russian Empire as well as Zaporozhye Cossacks moved to the area.
The first settlers inhabited the territory in 1795-1796. Their houses were the start of the settlement Novoaleksandrovka. In 1814, the settlement had an important marker of a large settlement - Alexandrovskaya church. 2 years later the total population of the settlement was 200.
More Historical Facts…
The lands surrounding Novoaleksandrovka were fertile, with meadows, the settlement itself was located at the crossroads of trade ways to the Azov and Black Seas and at the river Molochnaya banks.
In 1842, the settlement turned into the town and got a new name – Melitopol (from Greek “melitos” - “honey” and “polis” - “a city, a state”).
As it was located in the center of Northern Tauria and on main trade ways to the Crimea, it developed as a trade town.
By the early 20th century, there were about 350 trade firms. The goods for trading were mainly bread, wool, cattle and other agricultural products. But industry developed rather slowly.
Before the World War II, Melitopol was located only in the river Molochnaya valley, but later new districts were built and former surrounding settlements joined the city. In 1984, the citizens marked the 200th anniversary of their city.
Melitopol railway station
The climate is moderately continental with hot, dry summers, frequent droughts, relatively cold winters with little snow.
The average annual temperature is +9.4 degrees Celsius. The average air temperature in the coldest month (January) ranges from -3.5 to -4.5 degrees C, the warmest - (July), from +22.5 to +23.5 degrees C.
Today, Melitopol is a rapidly developing scientific and industrial center in southeastern Ukraine. Also, food and light industries are developing. There are bakeries, confectionery, meat and fish processing plants, and others.
The city has three universities:
- State Pedagogical University,
- Taurian State Agro-technical University,
- Institute of Ecology and Social Technologies.
Melitopol is one of the most important transportation hubs in the Southern Ukraine. The city is located at the intersection of highways of international importance of M-18 Kharkov - Simferopol - Alushta - Yalta” and M-14 “Odessa - Melitopol - Novoazovsk”.
The railway station of Melitopol plays an important role on the way from Moscow (Russia) and Kharkov to Crimea.
Bus station #1 long-distance bus routes connect the city with most regions of Ukraine, Moldova and Rostov-on-Don (Russia).
Bus station #2 buses run to the surrounding villages and small towns, particularly to resort towns of the Azov Sea coast.
Urban transport is presented by 34 bus routes.
Vladimir Vysotsky monument
Melitopol places of interest
Alexander Nevsky Cathedral. The cathedral was built in 1815-1831. Since the city was then called Novoaleksandrovka, it was decided to name the church in honor of Grand Duke Alexander Nevsky. Originally, the church was built of wood. Later, it was rebuilt in stone. Alexander Nevsky Street, 5.
St. Savva Monastery. The monastery is one of the newly formed Ukrainian monasteries. The construction of the monastery began in May 1995. In 2005, the construction was completed. Vorovsky Street, 45.
Natural monument “Kamennaya Mogila” (“Stone Grave”). It is located 2 km from Mirnoye village and 10 km from the city. “Stone Grave” is 12 meters height heap of stones covering about 30,000 sq. meters. The object has a shape of a mound (“mogila” on Ukrainian), hence the name of the monument.
“Kamennaya Mogila” has 87 grottoes and caves; thousands of ancient drawings and symbols (petroglyphs) can be found in 65 of them. The chronology of petroglyphs covers a vast period from the late Paleolithic era to the Middle Ages (from the 24-22 thousand years BC to the 10th-12th centuries).
No remains of human settlements were found near the place or in close proximity to it. On this basis, the researchers concluded that “Stone Grave” was used exclusively for religious purposes, as a sanctuary.
In September 2008, the reserve received national status. Since that time, its official name is the National Historical and Archaeological Reserve “Kamennaya Mogila”. The archaeological complex pretends to be included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
Hotel “Planet MTF”. New modern hotel with the rooms in Ukrainian style located in the historic center, near Victory Square. Main services: 5 halls restaurant (European, Ukrainian, International cuisine, 2 bars, billiards, laundry, Wi-Fi, conference hall, parking. Lenin Street, 8. Contact phone: +380 619 44 00 65.
Hotel “Vorontsovskiy”. This new modern hotel is located in the central administrative and historic part of the city, a 3-minute walk from the central market. Main services: cafe-bar, night club, taxi, Wi-Fi, parking. Sverdlov Street, 11. Contact phones: +380 619 42 44 64, +380 619 44 84 74.
Mini-hotel “Bashnya” (“Tower”). Modern three-storeyed mini hotel located in the center of the city. Main services: cafe (European cuisine), sauna, billiards, parking. Khmelnitsky Avenue, 27. Contact phones: +380 619 43 48 45, +380 619 43 52 65, +380 619 43 48 42.
Mini-hotel “Atrium”. The hotel is located in the center. Main services: kitchen, bar, billiards, sauna, massage, Wi-Fi, safe, parking. 30th Anniversary of Victory Avenue, 22-a. Contact phone: +380 6192 5 41 31.
Motel “Yuzhniy” (“Southern”). The motel is located on the southern outskirts of the city. It is standing on the highway leading to the resorts of the Black and Azov Seas. Main services: cafe-bar, sauna, laundry, taxi, parking. Khmelnitsky Avenue, 100. Contact phone: +380 619 43 10 21.
Motel “Lord”. New motel complex “Lord” is located at the entrance to Melitopol on the highway “Moscow-Simferopol”. Main services: cafe-bar, sauna, car wash, parking. Lomonosov Street, 335-a. Contact phone: +380 619 41 10 81.