Kropyvnytskyi city, Ukraine

The capital city of Kirovograd oblast.

Kropyvnytskyi overview

Kropyvnytskyi (former Kirovohrad) is a city located in the center of Ukraine, the administrative center of the Kirovograd region, an industrial and cultural center.

The population of Kropyvnytskyi is about 232,000 (2016), the area - 103 sq. km.

The phone code - +380 522, the postal codes - 25000-25490.

Kropyvnytskyi city flag

Kropyvnytskyi city flag

Kropyvnytskyi city coat of arms

Kropyvnytskyi city coat of arms

Kropyvnytskyi city map location


Kropyvnytskyi history

In the 16th - the first half of the 18th centuries, the Cossacks of the Zaporozhye Sich lived on the territory of the present Kropyvnytskyi. In 1754, the fortress of St. Elizabeth was founded by the decree of the Russian Empress Elizaveta Petrovna - to protect the newly founded Serb colonies from the raids of the Crimean Tatars. In 1754, the garrison of the fortress located on the right bank of the Ingul River was about 3,000 people.

At the same time, a settlement located on the opposite bank of the Ingul began to develop actively. It was named Elisavet after the name of the fortress. In 1764, the fortress became the center of the Elisavet province.

Since the day of foundation, the town was developing in parallel with the construction and development of the fortress because of its favorable geographical location - at the intersection of important roads from the Black Sea coast deep into the Russian Empire. Before foundation of Odessa, Kherson, and Mykolaiv, it was the only relatively large settlement in the south of Ukraine.

More historical facts…

During the Russian-Turkish War of 1768-1774, the fortress played a prominent role in the struggle of the Russian Empire for access to the Black Sea being a reserve base of Russian troops. In 1775, the weapons and military contingent were almost completely transferred to Kherson. In the same year, in connection with the provincial reform, the fortress and its surrounding settlements received the status of a town under the name of Elisavetgrad.

In 1782, the town’s population was 4,720 people. In 1784, after the annexation of the Crimean Khanate to the Russian Empire, the fortress of Elisavetgrad lost its military-strategic importance and was abolished. Further development of the town was based on rapid development of the agrarian and trade spheres.

In the last third of the 19th - early 20th centuries, Elisavetgrad was booming. The economic growth of the town went in parallel with cultural development. The Kharkiv-Elisavetgrad-Odessa railway, put into operation in 1868-1869, played a significant role for the local economy. In a few years, Elisavetgrad turned from an agrarian into an agrarian-industrial town.

Elisavetgrad was actively rebuilt and, in 1882, became the “cradle of Ukrainian drama” - the first Ukrainian professional theater was opened in the town with such outstanding Ukrainian cultural figures as Marko Kropyvnytskyi, Ivan Karpenko-Kary, Maria Zankovetska, Nikolai Sadovsky, etc. In 1897, the population of Elisavetgrad was about 61.5 thousand people (Jews - 38%, Russians - 35%, Ukrainians - 24%).

In 1923, the town became a district center of the Ukrainian SSR. In 1924, it received a new name - Zinovievsk, in 1934 - Kirovo (in honor of S.M. Kirov, the party and state leader of the USSR murdered on December 1, 1934), in 1939 - Kirovograd and became the center of the Kirovograd region.

In August 1941, during the Second World War, the city was occupied by the Germans. Almost all the Jewish population was destroyed. In January 1944, the city was liberated by the Red Army. In 1951, the Kirovograd Military Aviation School for long-range aviation pilots was established. In the 1960s, it was renamed into the Higher Aviation School of Air Force Pilots. In 1959, the Kirovograd Musical College was established.

In the postwar period, Kirovograd turned into an important center of the light and engineering industry with a certain (historically and geographically formed) orientation towards agriculture. The plant “Drukmash”, the largest in the USSR producer of electric typewriters “Yatran”, was opened.

In the 1960s-1980s, Kirovograd continued to increase its economic base, and the city’s population doubled. At that time, the present urban infrastructure was formed. In the 1970s, with the construction of the Ingul River embankment, a long-standing problem of flooding was solved.

In the early 1990s, the local industry was in crisis. After 1991, the issue of renaming Kirovograd became more acute - the local intelligentsia and representatives of the general public often addressed such proposals and petitions to city officials.

In the 2000s, a program of city development was implemented in Kirovohrad, roads were repaired, museums and the territory of the former fortress of St. Elizabeth were reconstructed. The economic and commercial sector of the city began to develop again.

In 2016, the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine (the Ukrainian Parliament) decided to rename Kirovohrad to Kropyvnytskyi - in honor of the prominent Ukrainian theatrical figure Marko Kropyvnytskyi (1840-1910).

Kropyvnytskyi streets

Old house in Kropyvnytskyi

Old house in Kropyvnytskyi

Author: Ivan Grab

Kropyvnytskyi architecture

Kropyvnytskyi architecture

Author: Eugene Prudky

Kropyvnytskyi is a green city

Kropyvnytskyi is a green city

Author: Demchuk I.


Kropyvnytskyi features

Kropyvnytskyi is located on the Dnieper Upland, in the valley and on the banks of the Ingul River (the tributary of the Southern Buh River), in the steppe zone.

The climate is moderately continental with mild winters and warm (sometimes hot) summers. The average temperature in January is minus 5.6 degrees Celsius, in June - plus 20.2 degrees Celsius.

The basis of local industry is agricultural engineering, food and mining industries. Several deposits are unique not only for Ukraine, but for the whole of Europe - deposits of uranium ore. Its main miner is the Ingul mine of the Eastern Mining and Processing Plant - VostGOK.

Urban public transport is represented by trolleybuses, buses and minibuses.

Kropyvnytskyi has the reputation of one of the centers of Ukrainian folk choreography. It was created by such famous local dance groups as the Academic Theater of Music, Song and Dance “Zoryane”, the Honored Folk Dance Ensemble of Ukraine “Yatran”, the song and dance ensemble “Spring”, the folk ballroom ensemble “Convalia”, and others.

A number of old buildings, constructed mainly in the second half of the 19th century, have been preserved, including religious buildings, remains of Russian fortifications, Jewish quarters, etc.

The City Day of Kropyvnytskyi is celebrated on the third Saturday of September.

Kropyvnytskyi sights

Architectural monuments

Fortress of St. Elizabeth (1754) - the remains of the ramparts of the fortress located near the present city center. There are several old guns and partially preserved barracks.Also there is a memorial of the Eternal Flame in the military cemetery of those killed during the Second World War. Ushakova Street, 1.

Junker Cavalry School (1830-1848). It was one of the largest military schools in the Russian Empire. The military campus included a three-story palace, a staff and training buildings, an officer’s meeting, an arena, stables. The buildings are located around the current Cavalry Park, in place of which there used to be a parade ground, where military parades and shows were held. Kavaleriys’ka Street, 1A.

Goldenberg Balneary. The building of the balneary was constructed in Moorish style in the late 19th century. It is decorated with decorative tiles, carved plaster, colored bricks, carved doors in the “eastern” arch of the portal. Today, the building houses the Kropyvnytskyi city hospital #3. Pashutyns’ka Street, 35/45.

Meitus House. This building of red brick was constrcuted for the famous Elisavetgrad medical doctor S. Meitus. On the first floor there was a private hospital, Maitus lived with his family on the second floor. Today, the building houses the Children’s Music School. Victor Chmilenko Street, 65.

Kropyvnytskyi museums

Local History Museum (1885-1905). The house of the merchant D. Barsky is a vivid example of the architectural style of the Art Nouveau and one of the most beautiful buildings in Kropyvnytskyi. There are four main expositions covering the history and nature of the region. The basis of the collection are archaeological finds, paintings, icons. Dvortsova Street, 40. Opening hours: 9:00-17:00 (Saturday: 10:00-15:00).

Art Museum. The exposition of the museum is housed in an Art Nouveau building constructed on the order of the merchant I. Shpolyansky at the end of the 19th century. In five halls you can see exhibits received from the Hermitage, the Tretyakov Gallery, the museums of Russian and Ukrainian art in Kyiv, as well as the works of famous local artists. Velika Perspektivna Street, 60. Opening hours: 8:00-17:00 (Saturday: 9:00-17:00). Day off: Sunday.

Elvorti Factory. One of the oldest and largest in Europe factories of agricultural machinery of its time, specialized in the production of seeders. The factory was founded by British brothers Robert and Thomas Elvorti. In 1994, after the restoration of Elvorti’s house, the museum of the factory was opened. Today, the museum has more than 3,500 exhibits. Brothers Elvorti Street, 1. Opening hours: 8:00-16:00. Days off: Saturday, Sunday.

Main Synagogue (1853) - a large brick building in Moorish style. Today, the building houses the historical museum “Jews of Elisavetgrad”. Victor Chmilenko Street, 90/40. Opening hours: 10:00-15:00. Days off: Monday, Saturday.

Kropyvnytskyi pictures

Church of the Intercession in Kropyvnytskyi

Church of the Intercession in Kropyvnytskyi

Author: Michael Frentzen

Tulips blooming in Kropyvnytskyi

Tulips blooming in Kropyvnytskyi

Author: Drozdov

Kropyvnytskyi architecture

Kropyvnytskyi architecture

Author: Krivenko


Kropyvnytskyi churches

Greek Church (1805-1812) - a stone church with a bell tower built on the funds of the Greek community of Elisavetgrad. The church was rebuilt in 1898. Today, it is the Cathedral of the Nativity of the Virgin. Soborna Street.

Church of the Intercession of the Blessed Virgin (1850-1875). This blue church with green domes was built in neo-Russian style of religious architecture on the means of the merchant P. Shchedrin. Some architectural features of the 17th century were also used. Yuriya Olefirenka Street, 14.

Transfiguration Cathedral (1819). The Holy Transfiguration Church was built in the style of classicism as the main Orthodox church of the city after the liquidation of the Trinity Church, which was located on the territory of the abolished fortress of St. Elizabeth. Preobrazhens’ka Street, 22.

Other places of interest

Arboretum. This park is one of the most popular holiday destinations for locals and visitors of Kropyvnytskyi. The park with an area of 45 hectares was created in 1958. In 2008, it was recognized as the best park in Ukraine. At the end of April, about 100 thousand tulips bloom here. In the park there is an entertainment area with rides, cafes, and restaurants. Yevhena Telnova Street.

Kropyvnytskyi Academic Ukrainian Music and Drama Theater (1867). The future founders of the Ukrainian professional theater M. Kropyvnytskyi, I. Karpenko-Kary performed here. Dvortsova Street, 4.

Guardian Angel of Ukraine. The monument “The Guardian Angel of Ukraine” was erected in Kropyvnytskyi to commemorate the 2000th anniversary of the Nativity of Christ and on the 250th anniversary of the city. Velika Perspektivna Street, 2.

Best hotels in Kropyvnytskyi

In total, the city of Kropyvnytskyi has about a dozen hotels and mini-hotels, however, in the vast majority of them, the level of service is relatively low, the staff does not know English. So we can recommend only one English friendly hotel.

Hotel “Reikartz Kropyvnytskyi”. This business-hotel of the Belgium hotel group Reikartz Hotels Resorts is located about 15 minutes walk from the city center, it is not easy to find it as it is situated in the backyard. Air conditioning, free Wi-Fi and parking, fitness center, bar, restaurant, shuttle service, pets are allowed on request. V. Chornovila Street, 1D. Phone: +380 522 30 50 90.

Kropyvnytskyi city, Ukraine photos

Kropyvnytskyi places

Pedagogical University in Kropyvnytskyi

Pedagogical University in Kropyvnytskyi

Author: Maxim Kubkin

Kropyvnytskyi Railway Station

Kropyvnytskyi Railway Station

Author: Krivenko

Local History Museum in Kropyvnytskyi

Local History Museum in Kropyvnytskyi

Author: A.Bidenko


Explore the city yourself - the Music and Drama Theater named after Marko Kropyvnytskyi


The questions of our visitors

Joshua asks: Good day. I am an African and I intend studying in Kirovohrad. Please would like to know if there is any form of racism there and if I would be able to work part time to enable me cover for my tuition for the next year.
Expert's answer:
Today, the number of crimes on racial grounds in Ukraine is relatively small, about two dozen recorded cases per year. There are a lot of foreign students studying in the country, Ukraine is cooperating with the European Union, so in general there is no big threat in this regard. Foreigners need to get a work permit or residence permit to work officially in Ukraine, the documents are issued by the local office of Ukrainian Migration Service. The average salary in the country is about 300-400 USD per month.

The comments of our visitors

Marc Beauchman
Racism in Kropyvnytskyi

Your reply to Joshua is incorrect. I am from Switzerland and I have lived here in Kirovograd / Kropyvynitskyi for 5 years. There is a lot of racism here towards Indians, Africans and Arabs. Many students come here for the Flight Academy. And recently, the Donetsk Medical University has relocated here.

Each year more and more Africans, Arabs and recently Indians are arriving to the city. At night in cafes and clubs, many fights with local Ukrainians. And local police will not assist the foreigners - especially if they are Arab, Indian or African. Marshrutka drivers refuse to a accept them onto the buses; cafes tell them to go! In bigger student cities like Khakiv, it might be less of a problem.

Ukraine is racist, not intentionally, because of its history. "Joshua" should know this real fact before he travels. And if Joshua touches a local girl, he will suffer from the local Ukrainian men. The daughter of a business owner had sex with an Arab student. She got pregnant. He returned to Saudi Arabia. She is alone in the city with a black baby. No man will touch her. All her friends left her. Her family has been embarrassed in the city. Sadly, racism is a serious issue. Its a well known fact in this city. Thank you.


Sponsored Links: