Zhitomir region overview
Zhitomir oblast, located in the central part of the East European plain, is one of the largest regions in Ukraine. Zhitomir is the capital city.
Population (2013) - 1,266,000 (2.78%, 15th place).
Land area - 29,832 sq. km. (4.94%, 5th place).
Zhitomir region info
The length of the region from west to east is 170 km, from north to south - 230 km.
Zhitomir region borders on the Republic of Belarus in the north (280 km). About 56% of the province population is urban.
The climate is temperate continental, with warm, humid summers and mild cloudy winter. The average temperature in summer is plus 18.5 degrees Celsius, in winter - minus 5.5 degrees Celsius.
The region has 23 districts, 11 cities and towns, 43 urban villages, and 1613 villages.
The distance from Zhitomir to Kiev by railway is 165 km, by highway - 131 km.
Zhitomir region economy
The unique combination of such factors as economic and geographical location, soil and climatic conditions, availability of minerals, raw materials, forestry and water resources creates favorable conditions for the development of agriculture and industry.
Industry: food-processing, machine-building, wood-working, building materials production and consumer goods industry; major national producers of porcelain, linen fabrics and hostelry.
Agriculture: all major agricultural cultures (grains, vegetables, potatoes, sugar beets) are being grown; the region is the national leader in hops and flax production.
Zhitomir region light industries chiefly process wood for furniture and flax for linen. Synthetic fibres are a recent extension of local textile industry.
Zhitomir region nature
Zhitomir beautiful nature
Zhitomir region nature view
Zhitomir region brief history
Zhitomir is believed to date from the 9th century, but the first record is from 1240, when it was sacked by the Tatars.
Until 1795, this area, known as Volhynia, was the part of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. After the partition of this state, it became the part of the Russian Empire. Volyn (Iziaslav) province was formed, with the center in Zhitomir city (since 1804).
In 1921, the western part of Volyn province passed to Poland, while the eastern part remained in the Ukrainian SSR.
In 1925, all provinces of the Ukrainian SSR were abolished. In 1932, first oblasts were formed. Today’s Zhitomir oblast was formed from the western areas of Kiev oblast on September 22, 1937.
For long a major trade focus and a seat of provincial government, today, Zhitomir region is an important junction where the main rail and road routes westward from Kiev are crossed by north-south routes.
Zhitomir region features
Musical instruments, notably accordions, are a specialty of the province.
The region is a birthplace of the academician Sergey Korolyov, poet Lesya Ukrainka, world-known writers Vladimir Korolenko, Josef Konrad, pianist Svyatoslav Rikhter, Ukrainian music classic Boris Lyatoshinsky.
It is a place where outstanding personalities lived and worked: writers Honore de Balzac, Mikhail Kotsyubinsky and Alexander Kuprin, play writer Ivan Kocherga, producers Alexander Dovzhenko, Timofey Levchuk, Ukrainian poet and translator Boris Ten.