Chernigov region overview
Chernigov (Chernihiv) oblast, as an administrative economic territory unit, was formed on October 15, 1932.
It is one of the largest regions in Ukraine. Chernihiv is the capital city.
Population (2014) - 1,061,000 (2.34%, 20th place).
Land area - 31,911 sq. km. (5.29%, 3rd place).
Chernigov region history
This area was inhabited in Paleolithic age - about 100,000 years ago. Archaeologists found over 20 settlements of late Paleolith (35,000-10,000 years ago) on the territory of the region.
In the 9th century, this territory was included into the Kievan Rus. Chernihiv was the second town in its development after Kiev. Agriculture played the main part in the economy. Handicrafts were highly developed.
In 1796, Malorossiyskaya gubernia of the Russian Empire was formed. In 1802, it was divided into Chernigov and Poltava gubernias.
After several administrative reforms of 1919-1932, Chernigov oblast of the Ukrainian SSR was formed in 1932.
Since 1991, it is part of independent Ukraine.
Chernigov region landscapes
Chernihiv region landscape
Chernigov province landscape
Chernigov oblast features
This province is located in the north of Ukraine, on the middle Dnieper left bank, in the Desna basin. The region lies within geographical zones of mixed forests and forest steppe. Forests cover about 20% of the territory.
The water network includes 1,200 rivers 8 thou. km. long in total. They belong to the basin of the Dnieper River, running along Chernigov province western border.
The Desna with the Seim, Oster and Snov as its tributaries, is the major river. There are about 1,800 lakes, ponds, and reservoirs in the region.
The uniqueness of economic geographical position of the region is determined by its location on the border of three states: Ukraine, Russia (199 km of the state frontier) and Belarus (227 km of the state frontier), by its proximity to Kiev, and its well developed transport system.
Chernigov region territory is crossed by main railway lines, highways of international significance, and well developed air and river transport.
The region includes 22 districts and cities of regional subordination, 15 towns, 30 settlements and 1488 villages.
Chernihiv region has significant tourism potential. There are 610 protected natural sites in the area. On the territory of the region, there are two national parks - Ichnyansky and Mezinsky; and one regional landscape park - Mezhrechensky.
Animals listed in the Red Book of Ukraine live in the region: bisons, big jerboas, big and small bats, steppe polecats, steppe cranes, owls, bustards and others.
Chernigov region economy
Industry: highly developed food processing and consumer goods industries, oil extraction, machine-building (agricultural machinery, food processing equipment), wood-working.
Agriculture: cattle farming, growing of potatoes, sugar beets, flax, fruits and vegetables, beekeeping.