Nizhyn or Nezhin is a city located in Chernigov region of Ukraine.
It is standing along the Oster River about 80 km from Chernihiv and 130 km from Kiev, one of most ancient cities in Ukraine.
Population - 73,300 (2013).
Area code - +380 4631; postal code - 16600.
The first record of this settlement refers to 1078; it was mentioned as Nezhatin. From 1147, it was recorded as Unenezh.
In 1625, the settlement became a self-governing town and the name Nizhyn was used for the first time.
In the 19th century, the town received the status of the capital of one of Chernihiv region districts.
The famous Russian writer Nikolai Gogol graduated the local lyceum established in 1805.
The architecture of Nizhyn gives a unique opportunity to see a typical Russian trade town from the past.
There are about 300 ancient buildings (70 buildings are of a great cultural and historical value) on the territory of the city.
It is one of the few cites in Ukraine which preserved the outlook of the 17th-18th centuries - the shape of a 6-angle star, at the ends and crossings of which 32 churches were built (currently, 20 of them survived).
Among the architectural monuments of the 17th-18th centuries are:
- Nikolayevsky cathedral,
- Annunciation cathedral and Greek churches ensemble,
- Two-storeyed church of John the Foreteller.
The first monument to Nikolai Gogol in the world was erected in Nizhyn. Nikolai Gogol studied at the local gymnasium.
Today, this institution is called the State Teachers Training University named after N.Gogol.
Also, the city has the only in Ukraine museum “The Post Station”**.
Every year, the festival “Pokrovskaya fair” is held in Nizhyn. It is the second largest fair after Sorochinskaya fair.
Also, the town is known for its tasty pickles. There is even a monument dedicated to Nizhyn pickles on one of the city streets.
Nizhyn pickle is one of the main symbols of the city.
According to legend, the Russian Empress Catherine II stopped here while traveling to the Crimea and, after she tasted local pickles, she ordered to serve only these pickles to the tsar table.
Nizhyn is a birthplace of the actor Mark Bernes, and the painter Nikolai Samokish.
It is the town where Yuri Fyodorovich Lisyansky was born and spent his childhood. He was a famous explorer, one of the leaders of the first Russian travel around the world which he made together with I.F.Kruzenshtern on the ships “Nadezhda” and “Neva” in 1803-1806.
The first wife of Pablo Picasso - Olga Khokhlova - was born in Nizhyn.