The name of the city derives from the old Slavic word “vno” which means “gift”. There are some more versions explaining the name of the town: “vinitsa” – a brewery and Vinichka – a river.
These lands were inhabited in ancient time. Settlements of Scythian and ancient Russian epochs are found on the territory.
In the 9th century, the Ulich and Tivert tribes settled there, they were a part of the Kievan Rus. Later, this area was passed to Galitsky-Volynsky principality. The Golden Horde ruled there over 100 years.
More Historical Facts…
After victory of the Lithuanian prince Olgerd’s army in 1362 over Tatars, the area was ruled by Lithuanian principality. Prince Olgerd’s nephews Fyodor and Konstantin Koryatovich constructed towns-fortresses in these lands.
They constructed a fortress on the bank of the river Bug which was called “Old Vinnitsa”. The first record of the town refers to 1396. In 1431, the castle was burnt by Tatars.
In 1558, a new castle was built. The citizens had to repel Tatars’ attacks which happened every year. In 1569, the town became a part of Poland. In the early 17th century, fortifications and a church complex “Mury” were constructed. In 1649, it was included into Ukraine. In 1667, the town again became a part of Poland.
After Poland was divided for the second time (1793), all these territories were passed to Russia and formed Podolsk gubernia. In 1860, the population was about 10,000. In 1870, a railway Kiev-Balta-Odessa was constructed near the town and it promoted development of Vinnitsa, connection with Kiev, Odessa, Moscow, St. Petersburg improved greatly.
The town became 3 times larger for the last 40 years of the 19th century, it took the first place in commodity circulation in Podolsk gubernia. Since 1914, it was the administrative center of the region. During the Civil War, power in the town changed a lot of times. Since 1932, the town is the center of Vinnitsa oblast.
On July 19, 1941, German army occupied the city. On March 20, 1944, it was set free.
During the war, population decreased to 27,000. By the end of 1948, almost all the industry was restored, later other industries were developed: food, light, chemical, machine-building and metal-working.
Present Vinnitsa, as the center of a major agricultural region, produces fertilizers and has food-processing industries in addition to electronics, agricultural equipment, light engineering, clothing and footwear industries.
Vinnitsa places of interest
Museum-Estate of Pirogov. National Museum-Estate of N. Pirogov is located in a picturesque park on the shore of the lake (south-western outskirts of the city). Prominent surgeon bought the estate in 1859. He lived and worked there until his death in 1881.
Museum and memorial cabinet of the father of military field surgery are open in the manor house. You can also see a pharmacy-museum with the interiors of reception and operating rooms. Church-mausoleum with the embalmed body of Pirogov is located nearby. Pirogov Street, 155. Opening hours: 10:00-17:00, day off - Monday.
Local History Museum. The museum is housed in the former Jesuit monastery - part of the historical-architectural complex “Mura.” The collection consists of 200 thousand exhibits.
You can see unique exhibits related to the Scythian and Sarmatian periods, large numismatic and ethnographic collections. The museum also has a skeleton of a mammoth found in the region. Sobornaya Street, 19. Opening hours: 10:00-18:00, day off - Monday.
Museum of Kotsubynsky. Literary-Memorial Museum of M. Kotsyubinsky is open in the house where the writer was born and lived until 33 years. In 1926, at the initiative of the writer’s brother, restoration was carried out and museum was opened.
Exhibits consistently reveal the writer’s career and his public activities. I. Bevza Street, 15. Opening hours: 10:00-17.00, day off - Wednesday.
Church of the Virgin Mary. The church was built in an unusual style of Tuscan Baroque. The church was closed by Soviet authorities, first in 1931, and then, after a revival during the Second World War, it was closed again in 1961. Today, it belongs to the Catholic community. Sobornaya Street, 12.
Cathedral of the Transfiguration. The cathedral was built in the 18th century. In 1832, it was transferred to the Orthodox clergy and consecrated as an Orthodox church. Prior to 1991, the building was used as a hall of organ music. Today, it belongs to the Moscow Patriarchate. Sobornaya Street, 21.
St Nicholas Church. The wooden church of St. Nicholas with a bell tower standing on the impressive stone foundation is one of the best examples of Podolia wooden folk architecture school. In Soviet times, the building housed a museum. In 1970, the church was restored. Mayakovsky Street, 6.
Light and music fountain. It is one of the biggest light and music fountains in Europe. The fountain was opened in 2011 on the waterfront opposite the island of Kemp (Festival), next to the “Roshen” factory. Water and light music show takes place every evening. Roshen Embankment. Opening hours: 12:00-22:00.
Water Tower. The original brick tower with clock, standing in the pedestrian area, is considered to be the hallmark of Vinnitsa. The tower was built as a basis for urban water supply (mistakenly thought to be fire-tower).
Since 1993, the tower houses a museum of the memory of soldiers killed during combat operations in Afghanistan in 1979-1989. Kozitsky Street, 20. Opening hours: 10:00-17:30, day off - Monday.
- The Arch in Gorky park is one of the symbols of the city;
- Estate-palace of the Grokholskys, the 18th century (Michurin Street, 32);
- Hotel “Savoy” building, 1912 (Kozitsky Street, 36);
- Gymnasium for girls, 1910, now school #2;
- Professional school, 1890, now the building of University of trade and economics (Sobornaya Street, 87);
- Jerusalemka - the old Jewish quarter not far from the current center of the city;
- Ruins of “Werwolf” - Hitler’s headquarters (8 km from the city near Strizhavka village).
Unfortunately, the city doesn’t have a lot of modern comfortable hotels. The following local hotels have relatively good reviews of the visitors.
Hotel “Feride”. This five-star hotel is located next to the public garden and Medical Center named after Pirogov on the fifth floor of a shopping and entertainment complex “Feride Plaza”, in which there is a restaurant, cafe, nightclub, children’s room, health and beauty center (medical cosmetology, SPA-center).
15 comfortable rooms with individual design, Wi-Fi, satellite TV, safe, mini-bar, fridge, air-conditioning. The restaurant has a summer terrace with panoramic views of the city. Cafe “Feride” offers Japanese cuisine. Pirogov Street, 23. Phone: +38 0432 55 77 88.
Hotel “Park Hotel”. The hotel is located in the heart of the city, in a public garden named after Kozitsky, near the tower. The three-storey historic building, modern interiors.
15 spacious rooms of different categories with all the amenities: Wi-Fi, air conditioning, fridge, mini-bar, phone, satellite TV.
Restaurant and pizzeria “da Lucio” with a terrace (Italian cuisine). Additional services include laundry, dry cleaning, tours, translation services. Grushevsky Street, 28. Phones: +38 0432 67 58 44, +38 0432 52 93 94.
Hotel “Status”. It is a new hotel located at the Kiev highway. Comfortable rooms with all the amenities, Wi-Fi. There is a restaurant (European cuisine).
Additional services include a sauna, conference room, laundry, taxi call, parking. Kievskaya Street, 39. Phones: +38 0432 53 94 39, +38 098 128 99 89 (cell).
Mini Hotel “Safari-Club”. This hotel can be found near the center of the city and the park named after Gorky.
5 rooms with all the amenities: Wi-Fi, cable TV, air conditioning. Additional services include a sauna, swimming pool, solarium, fitness center, laundry. Blok Street, 28. Phones: +38 096 26 600 26 (cell), +38 0432 57 06 23.
Hotel “Vinnitsa”. The hotel is located in the center of Vinnitsa, in a four-storey renovated building. Nearby, there is an embankment of the river Southern Bug, architectural monuments, museum, Independence Square.
Comfortable rooms of different categories with a fridge, mini-bar, satellite TV, phone, Wi-Fi, air conditioning. There are rooms for people with limited mobility, equipped with railings around the perimeter of the room.
Additional services include a sauna, swimming pool, gym, conference room, beauty salon, taxi call, parking. Soborna Street, 69. Phones: +38 0432 61 03 32, +38 063 694 10 10 (cell).
Mini-Hotel “Ideal”. The hotel is located in Zamostyansky area, near the railway station, 3 km from the city center (next to the central market). It is a three-storey cottage with round the clock security.
16 comfortable rooms of different categories with individual design, Wi-Fi. Fridge and air conditioner in the deluxe rooms. The hotel has a large Finnish sauna, steam room with an interior of wood and stone, 2 pools and a beauty salon.
There is a restaurant “Ideal” with a terrace (home Ukrainian cuisine). Nekrasova Street, 73. Phones: +38 0432 263 818, +38 097 531 93 19 (cell).
Hotel “Podillya”. This hotel is located in a park in the center of Vinnitsa. The hotel complex consists of a six-storey main building and a two-storey building with a restaurant, banquet rooms, three meeting rooms for 250, 48 and 30 people and a business center with 15 seats.
95 rooms of different categories, Wi-Fi. There is a room for people with disabilities. The deluxe rooms are equipped with air conditioning and safe.
Restaurant (European and Ukrainian cuisine). Additional services: booking tickets, bank office, gift shop, tourist and excursion services. Pushkin Street, 4. Phones: +38 0432 59 22 33 , +38 0432 59 22 32.