Uman city, Ukraine

The city of Cherkassy oblast.

Uman overview

Uman is a city located in Cherkassy region in central Ukraine. It stands on the banks of the Umanka and Kamenka rivers.

Population - 87,000 (2012).

Area code - +380 4744; postal code - 20300.

Uman city flag

Uman city flag

Uman city coat of arms

Uman city coat of arms

Uman city map location


Uman history

On the territory of present Uman and its suburbs, there are traces of ancient sites of the late Paleolithic, Tripoli culture, the Late Bronze Age, Chernyakhovsky culture and the Kievan Rus epoch. Near the city, there are burial mounds of Scythian times.

In the 12th century, the Tatar-Mongol hordes occupied the region and, in the 14th century, like most of other Ukrainian territories, it was ruled by the Lithuanian-Russian state.

At the end of the 16th century, the area was colonized by Poland. The name of the town derives from the river Uman, the first record of it refers to 1497.

More Historical Facts…

The name “Uman” is found in the documents of 1616. In the 17th century, the town became a fore post in struggle with the Tatars. The Uman Cossack regiment was formed - one of the largest in Ukraine (about 3,000 Cossacks).

In 1768, the Uman Massacre occurred when the Cossack rebels Maksym Zalizniak and Ivan Gonta captured the town during an anti-Polish uprising.

Present coat of arms of Uman commemorates this event depicting a rebel armed with a spear.

In 1793, after the second partition of Poland, the right-bank Ukraine was joined to the Russian Empire. The town became a part of the Russian state, a town of Kiev gubernia.

In 1796, the park “Sofiyevka” was created. It was a masterpiece of garden and park architecture. The Polish engineer Ludovic Metstel designed it. A large Jewish community lived in Uman in the 18th-19th centuries.

In the early 20th century, the town was one of the largest centers of agricultural production.

The World War II was a big challenge for the city. Uman defense in the beginning of the war was one of the tragic pages in the history of the city.

Uman scenery

Uman city scenery

Uman city scenery

Author: Ron Krief

Uman scenery

Uman scenery

Author: Sergey Zozula

Uman architecture

Uman architecture

Author: Morozovsky


Uman attractions

Sofiyivka (Sofia) Park

Uman has a famous Sofiyivka (Sofia) Park, founded in 1796 by Count Stanislaw Szczesny Potocki, a noble Polish szlachcic. He named the park in honor of his wife Sofia.

Sofia Park has a lot of waterfalls and narrow, arching stone bridges crossing the streams and scenic ravines.

Probably, these bridges inspired Rabbi Nachman of Bratslav. His famous quote is: “The world is just a narrow bridge, but the main thing is not to be afraid.” It was set to music in both Hebrew and English, and is still sung by Jews around the world.

Rosh Hashanah

Uman is the burial place of Rabbi Nachman of Breslov, the Rebbe of the Breslov group of Hasidic Jews. Rabbi Nachman spent the end of his life in Uman, and requested to be buried in the town.

During Rosh Hashanah (the Jewish New Year), there is a major pilgrimage of Breslov Hasidim and others to the grave of the rebbe. It increased in recent years, about 30.000 chassidim come to Uman each year (mostly men).

This practice dates back to 1811, the year after Rabbi Nachman was buried here. The Rebbe told his hassidim, before he died, that they should join him for Rosh Hashana.

That’s why devout Breslov Hassidim still visit him every year during the Jewish New Year.

During the Soviet regime, the pilgrimage was forbidden by the authorities. In 1989, it was resumed.

Uman architectural monuments

Uman has rich historical and cultural heritage. About 20% of all architectural monuments in the region are located in the city.

There are 101 monuments of history and culture in Sofiyevka park. Today, the park is not only the masterpiece of garden and park architecture, but an important scientific and cultural center.

There are not so many cities in Ukraine that have preserved old city halls - symbols of local government.

Also, there are some less bright but still important monuments:

  • Vasilian Monastery, founded by Earl Pototsky as a school in 1764,
  • Polish Roman-Catholic church,
  • architectural monuments ensemble in the central part of Uman numbering 99 constructions.

Uman remains the regional center with developed industry, science, education, social, cultural, administrative and tourist infrastructure.

Uman city, Ukraine photos

Uman views

Uman city view

Uman city view

Author: Sergey Zozula

Uman view

Uman view

Author: Sergey Zozula

Sofia park

Sofia park

Author: Kostenetsky Alexander


Uman places

Uman agriculture university

Uman agriculture university

Author: Dmitriy Tkachenko

Sophia hotel

Sophia hotel

Author: Alexander Melnik


The questions of our visitors

Robert asks: Is it possible to go from Nikolaev to Uman by bus and how much is the fare?
Expert's answer:
I found that there is daily bus running from Nikolaev to Uman. The bus leaves Nikolaev at 09:20 local time and arrives to Uman at 16:50. Unfortunately I don't have the information about the exact fare but it is somewhere about 10-20 USD.
Moshe Levy asks: Travel time by road from Kiev to Uman?
Expert's answer:
The distance between Kiev and Uman is about 214 km.

The comments of our visitors

Andy B
Travel time by road Kiev to Uman
From Zhuliany airport to Uman is 2hr 30 to 3 hours by taxi... $ 150 usd...

MARK S.
Sovietsky park
The park is very beautiful. I am from America and I have been twice.