Ukrainians - people living in Ukraine

People of Ukraine

About 65% of people live in urban areas. Eastern Ukraine is much more urbanized than the western part. Kiev is the largest city, with a population of about 2.8 million people. Women make up 53% of Ukraine’s population. This gender imbalance is the result of the World War II.

Ukrainians is the largest nationality living in Ukraine, constituting about 73% of the population. Russians make up another 21%, and they live primarily in cities and towns of Eastern Ukraine. The remaining 6% is divided between Jews, Belorussians, Moldavians, Bulgarians, and Poles.

About 7 million Ukrainians live in other former republics of the Soviet Union, including 4 million in Russia. Also, there are Ukrainians living in Kazakhstan, Moldova, Belarus, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Poland, Romania, the United States, Canada, Brazil, Argentina, Italy, Germany and other countries all over the world.

Ukrainians national clothes

Ukrainians national clothes

Since 1989, Ukrainian is the state language of the country. Under Soviet rule, from the 1930s through the 1980s, Soviet government promoted cultural russification. Ukrainian culture and language were treated as provincial.

Today, Ukrainian has regained its social and legal status, and its use in educational, media, and governmental institutions has grown sharply. Ukrainian government has reassured its minorities that their linguistic and cultural rights will be respected.

Most Ukrainians belong to one of several religious denominations: Orthodox Christian, Creek Catholic (Uniate), Protestant (particularly Baptist), or Jewish.

By historic tradition, over 75% of Ukrainians identify with the Orthodox faith that dominates in Eastern Ukraine. The self-governing Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church, which was legalized only in 1990, competes with the previously state-favored Ukrainian (formerly Russian) Orthodox Church. The latter had been an instrument of cultural russification in Ukraine during Soviet period.

Greek Catholics, or Uniates, are prominent in Western Ukraine. From 1946 to 1990, legally banned Uniates survived as an underground church. Since legalization, Greek Catholics have been reclaiming church buildings confiscated by Soviet state and given over to Russian Orthodox Church. Religious rivalry between Orthodox and Catholics in Ukraine has been long standing.

Baptists represent the largest Protestant group in Ukraine, and they tend to live in cities. The number of Ukrainian Jews, another notable religious denomination, decreased noticeably in recent decades because of the World War II losses and emigration to Israel and the United States.

Ukrainian girl wearing traditional costume

Ukrainian girl wearing traditional costume

The questions of our visitors

kayla asks: Do people in Ukraine live mainly in the city or the country?
Expert's answer:
On June 1, 2014, the urban population of Ukraine amounted to 29,460.4 thousand people (68.79%), the rural population - 13,365.4 thousand people (31.21%).
High Lander asks: Dear Sir, May you kindly give me your reply were are the most Asian population as of now or 4 years ago, living in central, western, southern or eastern part and what region ? Can you please give me at least 5 regions accordingly.
Expert's answer:
The total Asian population is an absolute minority in Ukraine as Ukrainians are about 78% of population and Russians are about 17%. The largest minority is of Crimean Tatars people living mainly in Crimea (about 230,000). The other nations of your interest are spread all over the country. You can check for more information on the following site about the results of all Ukrainian population census of 2001.
Lorraine asks: My father came over to the UK in 1946 as a refugee after the end of the 2nd world war (along with many others) could you tell me why some people had to do this?
Expert's answer:
A lot of people from Soviet Union and Eastern Europe after World War II didn't return to their homes because they could be repressed as enemies of the Soviet state. For example thousands of Soviet army prisoners of war released from Nazi Germany concentration camps were immediately transferred to Gulag (prison camps system) in Siberia.
Faye asks: Is physical fitness popular in the Ukraine?
Expert's answer:
Nowadays it is obvious that physical fitness is not popular among the majority of Ukraine people, but the tendency is positive. The market of mass sport related services increased 35% in 2007 and the same is going to happen this year. For now physical fitness is popular among the elites and the forming middle class.

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