Ukraine general info and overview (General facts)

Quick facts about Ukraine

Total area: 603,549 sq. km. (233,100 sq. mi.)

Boundaries: North - Belarus; East - the Russian Federation; South - the Black Sea; West - Poland, Slovakia, Hungary, Romania, and Moldova.

Elevations: highest - Mount Hoverla (6,702 feet, or 2,043 meters); lowest - Kyleutske, in the Crimea (59 feet, or 18 meters).

Population: 45,560,000 (2012).

GDP (purchasing power parity):

Total (2012) - 327.937 billion USD

Per capita - 12,198 USD

GDP (nominal):

Total (2012) - 222.850 billion USD

Per capita - 10,574 USD

Main cities of Ukraine: Kiev, Lviv, Odessa, Donetsk.

Major languages: Ukrainian and Russian.

Major religious groups: Orthodox Christians, Greek Catholics (Uniates), Baptists, and Jews.

International phone code: +380.

Currency: Hryvnia (UAH).

Internet TLD: .ua

Time zone: UTC +2, UTC +3 (DST)

Ukraine on world map

Ukraine world map location

Ukraine flag

Ukraine flag

Ukraine coat of arms

Ukraine coat of arms

Ukraine national anthem

Ukraine overview

Ukraine (Ukrainian spelling Ukraina) is a country in southeastern Europe, the second largest of the continent after Russia.

Economically, Ukraine is a major industrial and agricultural producer. The country is well endowed in natural resources and has long been known as Europe’s and later the USSR’s breadbasket.

Ukraine consists almost entirely of level plains and occupies a large portion of East European Plain. Central part consists of the Dnieper Lowland, through which the Dnieper River runs from north to south.

Other lowlands extend along the shores of the Black and Azov Seas in southern Ukraine, while Crimean Peninsula, in the extreme south, has both lowlands and low mountains. Western Ukraine has some uplands, and Carpathian Mountains extend through that region for more than 150 miles (240 km).

Ukraine lies in temperate climatic zone and receives 16 to 24 inches (400 to 600 mm) of precipitation annually. Dnieper, Don, Dniester and other rivers all drain southward through the plains to empty into the Azov-Black Sea Basin. Ukraine’s most important river, the Dnieper River, is extensively dammed along much of its course for hydroelectric and irrigation purposes.

Ethnic Ukrainians make up more than seven-tenths of the total population. Ukrainian language is closely related to Russian and Belorussian and belongs to Slavic group of languages.

Russians are the largest minority group, accounting for about two-tenths of the population. The highest population densities are found in industrialized Donets Coal Basin and the Dnieper regions and in agriculturally productive forest-steppe belt.

Illiteracy was virtually eliminated during the Soviet period, and education is now compulsory between the ages of 7 and 17. In higher education, Ukrainian is once again becoming main language of instruction after being displaced by Russian during the Soviet period. Primary and secondary schools using Russian still prevail in Donets Basin and in the southern part of Ukraine, where there are large Russian minorities.

Photos and pictures

The views of beautiful Ukraine

Ukraine beautiful nature

Ukraine beautiful nature

Author: Anton Gvozdikov

Ukraine country landscape

Ukraine country landscape

Author: Leonid Perevozchikov

Ukraine country scenery

Ukraine country scenery

Author: Alexander Naumov

Kiev city houses

Kiev city houses

Author: Sergei Leshchinsky

Saint Michael cathedral photo

Saint Michael cathedral photo

Author: Ivanov E.A.

The questions of our visitors

anna asks: What was the system of Ukraine in 1996- presidential-parliamental or the other way round? And what is it today?
Expert's answer:
From 1996 till 2004 Ukraine was presidential-parliamentary republic and from 2004 it is parliamentary-presidential.
Steve asks: What is the cost for international passport as at Oct 2010?
Expert's answer:
The latest info I have is that the official cost of Ukrainian international passport is about 1200 Hryvnas (150 USD) if you want to get it in 3 days term and about 860 Hryvnas (107 USD) for the term of 10 days.
Jack asks: Is Ukraine tourist friendly? Are there unfortunate skinhead attacks like in Russia?
Expert's answer:
According to the statistics of 2009 there were about 40 accidents as a facts of racial intolerance in Ukraine (twice less than in 2008). As for being tourist friendly there are still some problems with the level of service, knowing of local people English language, prices for foreigners and others but in general Ukraine has become much more tourist friendly for the last years.

The comments of our visitors

Your Web Site
I am gathering some information about Ukraine and asking some specific information from your 'Expert'. I find your site extremely helpful, honest and full of substance. I have and continue to recommend your site to others. Thank You, JG

Doc Hunter
Site Evaluation
Very good site, with good useful info. A page of the local cost of living would be useful, staples, rent, food, utilities, transportation costs, wages,etc that are up to date. Good Work, well done... thank you, Doc

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