Fastiv (also spelled Fastov) is a city located in Kiev oblast of Ukraine, the administrative center of Fastiv district. It is situated about 65 km southwest of Kiev by railway.
The city is an important railway junction and railway equipment production center of Ukraine. Railway Car Shop, Ukrainian State Refrigerator Freightage Center and Refrigerator Depot are situated there. Among the other industries of Fastiv are chemical, food, machine building, publishing and woodworking.
Fastiv city population is about 50,000 (2012).
The phone code is +380 4565; postal codes - 08500-08509.
Fastiv settlement was first time mentioned in chronicles in 1390. That time it was western post of Kiev. Fastiv had favorable geographical position being the place of Polish, Russian and Ukrainian cultures crossing. The town was playing important role at the end of the 16th and the beginning of the 17th centuries. It was headed by Cossack colonel Semen Paliy and was the center of independent Cossack state called “State of Paliy”.
At the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th centuries a lot of famous people lived and worked in Fastiv (Taras Shevchenko - artist and poet, Kiril Stetsenko - composer, Mykola Benardos - scientist, Pavlo Bondarenko - violinist and others).
Vozdvizhenskaya (Exaltation) Church. Neo-gothic style Roman Catholic Church of Exaltation of the Holy Cross was built in Fastiv in 1903-1911. Today, this architectural monument of national importance is the main sight of the city. The church was constructed at the expense of representatives of the Polish gentry.
The author of the design was architect W. Dombrowski. Main feature of the church is the asymmetry of its western facade. The asymmetric structure of the facade of the building is explained by the influence of art nouveau style.
In Soviet times the building of the church was used as a warehouse. In 1991, the church was returned to the Roman Catholic Diocese of Fastiv. Exterior and interior restoration works were completed in 2003. Today the church is standing in its original magnificence and extraordinary beauty. The building of a Catholic seminary is located nearby. Address: Fastiv, Krasnoarmeyskaya Str., 4-a.
Church of the Intercession. The church is a masterpiece of Ukrainian wooden architecture. This monument is of national importance. The church designed by architect I. Grigorovich-Barsky was built in place of the ancient Armenian Church in 1766-1772. Architecture of the church has the features of the Ukrainian baroque. Address: Fastiv, Pushkin Str., 1.
Local History Museum. The museum is located in the historic building of bank (the late 19th century). There are several thematic exhibitions based on the results of archaeological research. The official date of opening of Fastiv State Local History Museum is December 1995, when the first museum exhibition hall “Fastiv: Pages of History (from the earliest times to the 20th years of the 20th century)” was opened.
Today it is local center of science and education. There are about 21 thousand exhibits, which can be divided into two main groups - local history and natural history. Address: Fastiv, Sovetskaya Str., 9.
Museum on the Wheels. At the train station of Fastiv there is a train car open for visitors. In 1918, it was the place where the delegations of the Ukrainian People’s Republic and Western Ukrainian People’s Republic had the talks about forming united independent Ukraine. December 1, “pre-accession” agreement was signed to unite the people and territories of the UPR and WUPR in a single state.
The Act of Union (Zluki) was officially proclaimed six weeks later in Sophia Square in Kiev. Every year the people of Fastiv celebrate this day. Address: Fastiv, Shevchenko Str., railway station Fastiv. Opening hours: Friday, 13:00-15:00.
Settlement of Paliy. The remains of the settlement are located near the river Unava on the territory of Fastiv city. According to folk tales, it was the settlement of Paliy. Semyon Paliy (Gurko Semyon Filippovich) was the leader of the national liberation war of Ukrainian people against the Polish government in the Right-bank Ukraine in the late 17th - early 18th centuries.
In the 80s of the 17th century, several regiments led by Paliy began to explore the sparsely populated southern part of Kiev region. Fortified settlement of Fastiv became their main base. From there they were quite successfully fighting with the Tatars and Turks. Here Semyon Paliy gained his fame.
The mansion of Khoetsky in Tomashovka village. In the center of the village Tomashovka, which is 15 km north of Fastiv, there is a very beautiful old mansion. It was the residence of Poles Khoetsky who purchased Tomashovka from Duke Grigory Dolgoruky in 1810. Polish nobles built the palace in Tomashovka in 1903. The author of the project was architect Valerian Kulikovskiy. The building is an example of civil manor architecture of the late 19th - early 20th centuries.
In 2000, the mansion passed into the possession of Vvedensky Monastery. Today Rizopolozhenchesky monastery is located there. The building has the status of an architectural monument of national importance. The restoration work was carried out there recently.
The house was decorated with the coats of arms of former owners - Khoetsky and Dolgoruky. The monks took care of the care, where they placed a lot of sculptures and built a small zoo (you can see a couple of cute ostriches there).
The monument to Nikolai Benardos. It is located in the center of Fastiv. Nikolai Benardos was an inventor. He settled in Fastiv at the end of the 1890s. This person had more than 120 inventions in electric welding and cutting of metal.
The recreation complex “Dubravushka”. Country complex “Dubravushka Club” is located in a pine forest on the southern outskirts of Fastiv near Unava River. Main services: restaurant (Ukrainian and European cuisine), bar, billiards, sauna, gym, beach, fishing, parking. Address: Fastiv, Cheluskintsev Str. Contact phone: +380 66 744 06 34.
Hotel “Fastiv”. The old district hotel located in the center of the city. Address: Fastiv, Sovetskaya Str., 3. Contact phone: +380 4565 5 14 52.
Hotel “Unava”. Main services: bar, Internet, conference hall, laundry, parking. Address: Fastiv, Chapaev Str., 110. Contact phone: +380 4465 5 22 62.