Glukhov city, Ukraine (Hlukhiv)

The city of Sumy oblast.

Glukhov overview

Glukhov (also spelled Hlukhiv) is a town in Sumy region of Ukraine. It is a major historical center of Eastern Polessye and cultural center of Ukraine.

The population - 34,800 (2012).

Phone code - +380 5444, postal code - 41400.

Glukhov city flag

Glukhov city flag

Glukhov city coat of arms

Glukhov city coat of arms

Glukhov city map location


Glukhov history

It is one of the oldest cities of Kievan Rus’. The first mention of it as a fortress town of Chernihiv principality is dated 1152. Indirect historical sources mention the town in 992.

In 1352, the plague wiped out nearly all of its inhabitants (according to the chronicle, nobody survived). Because of the high mortality rate the town became one of many settlements and lost its former importance.

In the period from 1708 to 1764, Glukhov was the seat of Ukrainian Hetmans. In the 40-ies of the 19th century, the town, due to its location on the main route between Kiev and Moscow, took key positions in the trading business. The town became the center of the grain trade in the Left-Bank Ukraine.

In the second half of the 19th century, architectural and cultural renaissance of the town began, mainly due to local patrons.

During the World War II, from September 7, 1941, to August 30, 1943, the city was occupied by German troops.

In honor of the liberation of the city, on September 1, the City Day is celebrated.

Glukhov was rebuilt after the war in 1943-1950. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, several large enterprises were closed.

Nowadays, the main focus of the city is its cultural heritage. In 1992, it celebrated its millennium, in 1994, the State Historical and Cultural Reserve was opened.

Since the beginning of the 21st century, restoration of historical and cultural sites began.

Glukhov features

The city is located in the north-eastern part of Ukraine, within the most low-lying parts of Ukrainian Polessye, 146 km from Sumy. The height above sea level is 160 meters; the central part of the town is a high hill with steep slopes.

The climate is temperate continental with cool winters and warm summers. The average annual air temperature is plus 6.6 degrees Celsius, average January temperature is minus 7.7 degrees C, average July temperature is plus 19.6 degrees C.

In 2005 and 2009, Glukhov was recognized as a city with the cleanest air in Ukraine.

Glukhov streets

Glukhov city street

Glukhov city street

Author: Igor Kopitsa

Glukhov main street

Glukhov main street

Author: Tanya Zabula

Glukhov general view

Glukhov general view

Author: Tanya Zabula


Glukhov sights

Water Tower. Forty-meter water tower built in 1927 is the hallmark of the city. The tower is visible from several kilometers away. It is an expressive element of its architectural silhouette.

Internal spiral staircase leads to the upper level with an observation deck, which offers a magnificent view of the city and its beautiful surroundings. Tereshchenko Street. Opening hours: 10:00-17:00.

Kiev Gate. It is the only survived structure of the fortress, one of the four former entries in the territory of the old city. Kiev-Moscow Street, 1.

Pedagogical University. This complex of educational institutions was built in the second half of the 19th century. Today, it is occupied by Glukhov State Pedagogical University named after A. Dovzhenko. There is a historical and educational museum. Kiev-Moscow Street, 24.

Tereshchenko House. The oldest surviving building of architectural heritage of Tereshchenko family constructed in 1866. Tereshchenko Street, 45.

Central Park. It is a small park located in the heart of the city. Rudchenko Square.

Museums

Archaeological Museum. The museum was opened in 2008 in a renovated manor house. The exhibition includes ceramics, tools, clothing, building materials found on the territory of the city. Museum staff also organizes city tours. Shevchenko Street, 30.

Local History Museum. The museum can be found in a two story building (1811), constructed in the style of the provincial classicism. It was founded in 1902. The exhibition covers the history of the town from ancient times until the second half of the 20th century.

There are five halls: the Hall of Nature, “Medieval city”, the Hetman Hall, “Glukhov in the 19th century”, “The city in the Second World War”. Tereshchenko Street, 42. Opening hours: 9:00-16:00, day off - Monday.

Glukhov places of interest

Glukhov water tower

Glukhov water tower

Author: Igor Kopitsa

Kiev Gate in Glukhov

Kiev Gate in Glukhov

Author: Igor Kopitsa

Glukhov pedagogical university

Glukhov pedagogical university

Author: Pawel Federak


Churches

Three-Anastasievsky Cathedral. The ancient church of the three holy Anastasias was rebuilt in Glukhov in 1884-1893 by means of Tereshchenko family, becoming their ancestral burial. The church reminds forms of Vladimir Cathedral in Kiev. Spasskaya Street, 2.

Transfiguration Church. This stone church built in 1765 is one of the architectural landmarks of the city. In Soviet times, the church was closed, but, in the 1980s, restoration work was done, and, in 1989, the church was returned to believers. Spasskaya Street, 4.

Nicholas Church. An old Cossack Nicholas Church is the oldest architectural monument in the city. The church was built by craftsman M. Efimov in the Baroque style. Sobornaya Square, 1.

Glukhov hotels

Hotel “Europe”. Private three-storey hotel “Europe” built in 2009 is located in the central part of the city. Rooms: 17 modern rooms. There is a cafe. Tsiolkovsky Street, 4-a. Phone: +380 99 440 44 40.

Mini-hotel “Postoyaliy Dvor”. This hotel is located in the center. Rooms: 8 rooms with all amenities. Next to the hotel there is a mini-cafe. Tereshchenko Street, 57. Phone: +380 50 140 95 61.

Recreation Complex “Ozerny”. Small private recreation complex “Ozerny” is situated on the shores of the lake at the entrance to Glukhov from Shostka direction. Rooms: 6 rooms. There is a home cooking cafe. Kirov Lane, 2-a. Phone: +380 5444 3 26 07.

Glukhov city, Ukraine photos

Glukhov churches

Three-Anastasievsky Cathedral

Three-Anastasievsky Cathedral

Author: Igor Kopitsa

Transfiguration Church

Transfiguration Church

Author: Igor Kopitsa

Nicholas Church

Nicholas Church

Author: Pawel Federak


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