Konotop is a city located in the northern part of Ukraine, in Sumy region. The transport system of Konotop has trams and this is very unusual for a city with such a small population.
Population - 92,000 (2014).
Area code - +380 5447; postal codes - 41600-41615.
In the beginning of the 17th century, the Cossacks began to settle in the area. The first notes mentioning the village are from 1635. The settlement was named Novoselitsa. Polish fortress was built there in 1642. The fortress was named after the river Konotopka.
Konotopka fortress became one of the Poland key points in struggle against the Moscow state.
There is a legend about Konotop name saying that when Tatar cavalry was moving through the region a lot of people and horses drowned in the swamps. So the area was named “Konotop” which means “swampy land where horses drowned”.
Konotop Battle happened in the area in 1659. During the battle, Polish, Crimean Tatars and Ukrainian Cossacks forces defeated Russian-Ukrainian forces. The town was granted municipal rights in 1782.
The city is an important mechanical engineering and food production center. It also plays an important role as a transportation center of the region.
Such railways as Bakhmach - Kiev and Bryansk (Russia) - Sumy - Belgrade go through the city.
It is the smallest city in Ukraine with its own tram system.
Among the main places of interest are local museums:
- The museum of local study named after A.M.Lazarevsky;
- The estate-museum of M.I.Dragomirov;
- The museum of aviation;
- The museum of education;
- The museum of health care;
- The museum of gymnasium history in the area;
- The museum of military glory.
Some remnants of the medieval fortress and its rampart survived in the center.