Nikopol city, Ukraine

The city of Dnepropetrovsk oblast.

Nikopol overview

Nikopol is a city located in Dnepropetrovsk region of central Ukraine. From the end of the 19th century, it was an important industrial center.

Nikopol, standing on the right bank of Kakhov water reservoir, is a river port and the oldest city in the region.

Population - 119,600 (2012).

Area code - +380 566(2); postal code - 53200.

Nikopol city flag

Nikopol city flag

Nikopol city coat of arms

Nikopol city coat of arms

Nikopol city map location


Nikopol history

The first record of Nikopol refers to 1594. Peasants escaped to uninhabited steppe areas of the mid Dnieper.

To protect themselves from the Tatars, the Cossacks built fortresses called “sech”. One of these fortresses located on the territory of present city was called Nikitinskaya.

Nikitinskaya sech was formed in 1638. On December 11, 1647, Bogdan Khmelnitsky together with his son arrived to Nikitin Rog and, on April 19, 1648, he was elected a hetman of the Zaporozhye Army.

It was the beginning of the liberation war of Ukrainian people with Rzeczpospolita. On the place where the historical council meeting took place and Bogdan Khmelnitsky was elected a hetman, on present Nikitinskaya street, a monument is erected.

More Historical Facts…

The Russian Empire times

At the end of the 18th century, the town became an important trade center of the Dnieper area. The convenient location at the crossroads of trade routes promoted economical development of the town.

During the Crimean War of 1853-1856, Nikitinskaya crossing played an important role. It was the place where Russian troops and medical carriages crossed the river. In 1864, the population of the town was 7,046.

The industrial development of the town was considerable by the end of the 19th century, when manganese ore was found near Nikopol. The river port also promoted the development of local industry and trade.

Before the World War I, the population was 30,000.

The Soviet times

In 1956, Kakhovskoye water reservoir was built there. It played an important role in the further development of the city. Gradually, Nikopol turned into a big river port connecting cities located on the upper Dnieper with the Black Sea.

In 1962, construction of a new industrial giant began - a plant of ferro alloys. This plant still remains the largest plant of ferro alloys in Europe and the former USSR, and one of the largest industrial plants in Ukraine.

Present time

Nikopol marked its 230th anniversary in 2010. It is one of the largest industrial centers in Dnepropetrovsk region and Ukraine.

There are 38 industrial plants in the city in the following branches:

  • metallurgy and metal working,
  • machine-building,
  • machines and equipment repairing,
  • production of metal and plastic items,
  • paper and pulp industry,
  • polygraphic and food industries.

Nikopol streets

Nikopol architecture

Nikopol architecture

Author: Igor Moisejev

Nikopol street

Nikopol street

Author: Igor Moisejev

Nikopol central square

Nikopol central square

Author: Igor Moisejev


Nikopol features

The Scythians were the first settlers on this territory, they had a rich and diverse culture. A lot of their burial mounds (more than 100) were found near the city.

On June 21, 1971, a unique event happened in the history of archaeology.

About 20 km to the north-west of Nikopol, in the steppe near Ordzhonikidze, a group of archaeologists excavated the Scythian burial mound “Tolstaya Mogila”.

They found a golden decoration of the Scythian tsar (diameter - 30,6 cm, weight - 1,15 kg).

About 7 km to the west of Nikopol, near the settlements Alexeyevka and Kapulovka, there is a grave of the legendary ataman from Zaporozhye Ivan Sirko.

In 1676, he signed the famous letter to Turkish sultan Mekhmet IV. This fact is depicted in the famous painting “The Cossacks writing a letter to the Turkish Sultan” made by Ilya Repin.

On May 30, 1899, Osip Shor was born in the city. This person is considered the main prototype of the legendary literary character Ostap Bender.

Nikopol city, Ukraine photos

Nikopol places

Nikopol administration

Nikopol administration

Author: Igor Moisejev

Nikopol hotel

Nikopol hotel

Author: Igor Moisejev

Nikopol cannon monument

Nikopol cannon monument

Author: Anatoly Mishenin


Nikopol monuments

Tank IS-2 monument

Tank IS-2 monument

Author: Igor Moisejev

Jet fighter monument

Jet fighter monument

Author: Igor Moisejev

Nikopol is a European city

Nikopol is a European city

Author: Igor Moisejev


Nikopol sights

Lenin monument

Lenin monument

Author: Igor Moisejev

Bohdan Khmelnitsky monument

Bohdan Khmelnitsky monument

Author: Anatoly Mishenin

Nikopol cathedral

Nikopol cathedral

Author: Igor Moisejev


The comments of our visitors

Amy
orphanage
We visited Nikopol while adopting our daughter. We so enjoyed your town. We walked along the water, at the park, and met so many caring people at the baby orphanage. It was nice to see familiar places on the site.

Peter Mills
history
I thank you sincerely for the historical information about your city Nikopol. I love history, and i am Fascinated and intrigued, by the Ukrainian/Russian history.

Scottie
just looking at cities in Ukraine to visit
I found this page informative. I enjoyed seeing the monuments that I will get to see should I travel to it and will look for them if I am there.

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