Nikopol is a city situated in Dnepropetrovsk region of central Ukraine. From the end of the 19th century, it was an important industrial center of the region.
It is standing on the right bank of Kakhov water reservoir. The city is a river port. It is the oldest city of the region.
The population - 120,000 (2012).
Phone code - +380 566(2); postal code - 53200.
First record of Nikopol refers to 1594. Peasants escaped to uninhabited steppe areas of the mid Dnieper. The need to defend themselves from the Tatars caused building Cossack fortresses which were called a “sech”. One of such “seches” which was located on the territory of current city was called Nikitinskaya.
Nikitinskaya sech was formed in 1638. On December 11, 1647, Bogdan Khmelnitsky together with his son arrived to Nikitin Rog and on April 19, 1648, he was elected a hetman of Zaporozhsky Army.
It was the beginning of Liberation war of Ukrainian people with Rzeczpospolita. On the place where the historical council meeting took place and Bogdan Khmelnitsky was elected a hetman, on present Nikitinskaya street a monument is erected.
More Historical Facts…
The Russian Empire times
At the edge of the 18th and the 19th centuries, it became an important trade center in the Dnieper area. A convenient location at the crossroads of main ways and waterways promoted economical development of the town.
During the Crimean War of 1853-1856, Nikopol and Nikitinskaya crossing were an important center where troops and medical carriages crossed the river. In 1864, the population of the town was 7,046.
The industrial development of the town was considerable by the end of the 19th century when manganese ore was found and worked near the town. Well developed river port also promoted development of industry and trade.
Before the World War I, the population was 30,000.
The Soviet times
In 1956, Kakhovskoe water reservoir was formed there and it also played an important part in further development of the city. Gradually, Nikopol turned into a big river port connecting cities located on the upper Dnieper with the Black Sea.
In 1962, a construction of a new industrial giant began - a plant of ferro alloys. This plant still remains the largest plant of ferro alloys in Europe and the former USSR and one of the largest industrial plants in Ukraine.
Nikopol marked its 230th anniversary in 2010, it is one of the largest industrial centers in Dnepropetrovsk region and Ukraine.
There are 38 industrial plants in present day city in the following branches:
- metallurgy and metal working,
- machines and equipment repairing,
- production of metal and plastic items,
- paper and pulp industry,
- polygraphic and food industries.
The Scythians were the first settlers on the territory and surroundings of present Nikopol, they had rich and various culture. First of all these are burial mounds. There are about 100 of them today.
On June 21, 1971, a unique event happened in the history of world archaeology.
20 km to the north-west of the city, in the steppe near Ordzhonikidze, a group of archaeologists excavated the Scythian burial mound Tolstaya Mogila.
They found a unique work of world art - a golden decoration of the Scythian tsar. Its diameter is 30,6 cm and it weighs 1,15 kg.
7 km to the west of Nikopol, near the settlements Alexeyevka and Kapulovka, there is a grave of legendary ataman from Zaporozhye Ivan Sirko (in 1676, he signed the famous letter to Turkish sultan Mekhmet IV, this fact was depicted in famous Ilya Repin’s painting).
On May 30, 1899, Osip Shor was born in the city. This person is considered the main prototype of legendary literary character Ostap Bender.