Pavlograd (Pavlohrad) is a city located in Dnepropetrovsk region of Ukraine.
The city is the center of Western Donbass coal-field situated about 200 km from neighboring regions centers: Dnepropetrovsk (75 km), Zaporozhye (102 km), Donetsk (194 km), Kharkov (197 km), Poltava (215 km).
The population - 110,000 (2012).
Phone code - +380 5632; postal codes - 51400-51413.
The settlement turned into a town in 1784. Zaporozhye citizens and former soldiers were the first settlers. The town developed and, at the end of the 19th century, it became a famous center of trade with crops and flour. Bread from Pavlograd was exported to London and Konstantinopol.
The town was built for defending the Russian Empire borders. It was there that famous troop of Pavlograd hussars was located, their participation in the War of 1812 is reflected in L.Tolstoy novel “War and Peace”.
More Historical Facts…
After the Crimean War of 1853-1856 ended, Pavlograd hussars being thankful that they survived gathered silver and Pokrovsky cathedral was built. At present, it is restored and is open. In the 70s of the 19th century, a railway was constructed between St.Petersburg and Simferopol and it crossed the town.
From October 11, 1941, to September 18, 1943, the city was occupied by German troops and heavily destroyed. In February 1943, there was an uprising here, the only one in the whole Ukraine.
The city was liberated on September 18, 1943. This day became a city holiday.
During the following 10 years, Pavlograd was rebuilt. New industrial structure of the city was formed, there were plants of machine-building, constructing, chemical, processing, light and food industries.
In the 50s of the 20th century, new history of the city began – as the center of Western Donbas coal basin and the miners’ region.
Spassky Cathedral. It is the main Orthodox church of the city. The cathedral was founded on the initiative and the means of honorable citizen of Pavlograd J. Golubitsky in 1892.
In Soviet times, it was the only not destroyed church, but it was badly damaged during the World War II. In 1960, the cathedral was closed; a gym was opened in the building. The cathedral was returned to the church in 1991 and was completely restored. Museum Lane, 1.
Count’s Theater. Drama Theater named after B. Zahavi was founded in 1974. The theater is placed in a historic building of the “Count’s Theater” which was built in 1896. The theater is named after theater director, actor, teacher, and doctor of art criticism B. Zahavi, who was born in Pavlograd. Dzerzhinsky Street, 56.
Local History Museum. The museum is located in the center of the city, close to Spassky Cathedral. The exhibition tells the history of the city, including the history of famous 135th regiment of Pavlograd hussars, who became famous during the Franco-Russian war in 1812.
Also, there is interesting ethnographic collection and exhibition devoted to the Cossacks of the Samara Palanca. One of the most interesting exhibits is a well-preserved Cossack boat of the 15th century. Museum Lane, 8. Opening hours: 8:00-16:45, day off - Monday.
Monument to Lieutenant Rzhevsky. Monument to the literary and folk hero Lieutenant Rzhevsky is installed at the central entrance of Pavlograd chemical plant. It is believed that the hero of the play by A. Gladkov, “Once upon a time” Lieutenant D. Rzhevsky served in Hussars regiment.
The image of reckless hussar became popular after a comedy by E. Ryazanov, “Hussar Ballad” filmed in 1962. Belarusian sculptor V. Zhbanov portrayed Lieutenant Rzhevsky casually sitting on the bench. Zavodskaya Street, 44.
Mavrinsky Maidan. A huge, mysterious earthen structure of complex configuration located on the eastern outskirts of Mezeritch village. It is looking like a crab, or a mysterious symbol.
There are several theories about its purpose. On one of them, Zaporozhian Cossacks used it as a fortification. Some researchers see the connection between the design of Mavrinsky Maidan and the position of the sun at different times of the year.
Perhaps, it was a temple, religious place of worship, where ancient inhabitants of the area gathered for rituals or it is a calendar complex like the Stonehenge. Mezeritch village.
Pavlograd railway station
Pavlograd administrative building
Hotel “Zaman”. The hotel is located on the main highway of the city, which in turn is part of the highway “Kiev - Donetsk”. The hotel complex is located at the entrance to the city from Donetsk.
The number of rooms: 15. Main services: restaurant, bar, billiards, sauna, pool, Wi-Fi, parking. Dneprovskaya Street, 414-a. Contact phones: +380 5632 4 32 64, +380 5632 4 38 47.
Hotel “Khimik”. The hotel of Pavlograd chemical plant is located on the outskirts of the city. The building was constructed in the Soviet times, most rooms are renovated.
The number of rooms: 52. Main services: cafe-bar, laundry, barbershop, taxi, safe, Wi-Fi, parking. Zavodskaya Street, 35. Contact phones: +380 563 21 19 14, +380 563 21 12 77, +380 563 21 04 46.