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Yeni-Kale is an ancient fortress located in the Crimea on the shore of the Kerch Strait. The fortress was built by the Ottomans in 1699-1706. The name is translated from Turkish meaning “new castle” (yeni – new, kale – fortress). Currently Yeni Kale is on the territory of Kerch city.

Yeni Kale was of great strategic importance. Located at the narrowest part of the strait the fortress, armed with powerful guns, controlled the passage of ships between the Azov and Black Seas. The construction was led by Goloppo – an Italian who had converted to Islam. Also several French engineers took part in the construction. Photos by Alexander Lipilin.

Yeni-Kale fortress, Crimea, Ukraine view 1


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Eski-Kermen – medieval underground city

Eski-Kermen is a medieval fortress-city located in the southwestern part of Crimean peninsula, about 14 km to the south of Bakhchisaray city. The name Eski-Kermen means “Old Fortress”.

The territory of the city occupies an area of 8.5 hectares, with a length of 1040 m and 170 m in width. Eski-Kermen was built on the plateau bounded by cliffs up to 30 m tall. Photos by Denis Frantsouzov.

Eski-Kermen - medieval underground fortress-city view 1


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Podgoretsky Castle is a well-preserved Renaissance palace surrounded by fortifications. The castle is located in the east of Lviv oblast in Podgortsy village. Together with Olesky and Zolochevsky castles it forms the “Golden Horseshoe of Ukraine” (tourist route of Lviv region castles).

The castle is a square from the east, south and west surrounded by lines of fortifications. At the site of today’s castle there were more ancient fortifications mentioned in 1530. Present Podgoretsky castle was built during 1635-1640.

Podgoretsky Castle, Lviv oblast, Ukraine view 1


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Olesky castle is the oldest castle that has been preserved in the western Ukraine. It is located near small town of Olesko, Bussky district, Lviv oblast. Olesky castle is oval in shape and dominates Olesko town standing on 50-meter natural hill. Photos by Alexander Lipilin.

Olesky castle, Lviv oblast, Ukraine view 1


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Genoese fortress in Sudak (south-eastern Crimea) was constructed from 1371 to 1469. The fortress has the buildings of 6-15th centuries: the defensive walls and towers, castle, churches.

In the 11-12th centuries, the town became a major center of international trade. Since the end of the 13th century, Italian city-republics of Genoa and Venice were struggling for the town, and in 1365 it came under the control of the Genoese. The bulk of surviving to the present day architecture refers to the Genoese period. Photos by Konstantin Brizhnichenko.

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The ancient fortress of Khotyn

Khotyn is a small town located in Chernovtsy oblast. It is one of the oldest cities in Ukraine known from the year of 1002. One of the main attractions of Khotyn attracting tourists from all over the world is the magnificent ancient fortress.

Ancient Khotyn fortress view 1


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Ancient fortress of Kamenets Podolskiy

Kamenets Podolskiy is one of the oldest cities in Ukraine. There are about 200 monuments of 11th-19th centuries in the city. The main attraction of Kamenets Podolskiy is an old fortress.

Kamenets Podolskiy, Ukraine fortress view 1


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